Posts Tagged ‘Catholic’

Five Good Reasons Why Every Catholic Should Go Green

Friday, November 6th, 2009

Solar Panels on top of Paul VI Audience Hall

Solar Panels on top of Paul VI Audience Hall

Looking around the Internet, TV and all printed matter it’s easy to find good and highly popularized secular reasons to reduce, reuse and recycle, but did you know there are at least five good reasons why every Catholic should go green? Not that the secular reasons don’t apply to Catholics or that they aren’t good enough. In fact some of them are quite motivating such as: boosting your home’s value through more durable and sustainable materials, lowering your utility bills, improving the air quality in your home, reducing your exposure to toxins and generally enhancing your health. Add to that the fact that recycling is smarter, safer and more efficient in many cases and the argument is increasingly solidified. As good as these reasons are there are five that, for Catholics, outshine the others because they are motivated by the crown jewel in the royal trio[1] of virtues; Charity.

1. Examples of the Saints
There are many saints whose life stories include fantastical legends involving nature and animals (Saints Philip Neri, Martin de Porres, Bernard of Corleone, Anthony, Jerome, Ambasius, Aphrodisius, Phocas, Patrick etc.) but the pinnacle of this category of saints seems to be Saint Francis of Assisi. Saint Francis fully understood the dominative power of man and the austere responsibility to respect all of creation because of the creator. It is said that St. Francis was so filled with joy and thanksgiving for creation that, “All creatures, therefore, tried to give their love in return to the saint and to reply by their own gratitude according as he deserved; they were glad when he caressed them, they agreed when he requested anything, they obeyed when he commanded anything.”[2]

2. Green Goods are Generally More Humane
When foods are imported from other countries you cannot be assured how the workers are treated or paid. While there are still labor problems in the U.S. at least when buying locally grown organically based foods you have the opportunity to inquire about fair labor practices. The same holds true not just for food but for the many products we purchase regularly. Buying products from companies with green practices can assure you that they were not made in a sweatshop.

3. Protecting the Environment is for the Greater Good
Reason and natural law help us to see that our ecological responsibility to society is more than a tree-hugger argument. Man is obliged through his free will to observe an inalienable and eternal law that God has written in his heart (2 Corinthians 3:2 Romans 2:15 Hebrews 8:10 Jeremiah 31:33 Psalm 40:9). When we act in accordance with this law we do what is morally right. When we act against it we do what is morally wrong. That sounds simple at the outset yet there are situations where telling right from wrong can get complicated especially where there is a greater good involved. Understanding our obligation to the greater good requires us to acknowledge that there is a natural subordination to creation. For example the beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and so it rightly inspires respect and submission of man’s intellect and will (CCC 341) but not his worship which belongs to the creator alone. That good and proper respect for creation certainly includes proper care for creation.

In Genesis the description of the creation of all things is hierarchically ordered (CCC 342) and describes man as the pinnacle of creation (Genesis 1:1-31 and CCC 343). God also pronounces each of these categorical creations good. So from the beginning all things are ordered toward justice and righteousness and all things have their end and fulfillment in Him who is all righteousness. Since God may be observed to be in each of even the smallest parts of creation the Catechism explains that, “Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.” (CCC 339). This phrase, “disordered use of things” is important because man does have just dominion over creation although it is self limiting (CCC 2415). By that, I mean that the self same hierarchy and dominion over creation demands recognition of the equality of fellow man through brotherly and neighborly love. Our obligation to love each other as God loves us (Mark 12:29-31) requires us to preserve the goods of the Earth for posterity. The Catechism puts it this way:

CCC 2451
¶2451 The seventh commandment enjoins the practice of justice and charity in the administration of earthly goods and the fruits of men's labor.
.
CCC 2452
¶2452 The goods of creation are destined for the entire human race. The right to private property does not abolish the universal destination of goods.
.
CCC 2456
¶2456 The dominion granted by the Creator over the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be separated from respect for moral obligations, including those toward generations to come.

Looking at the same issue through Natural Law we can see why it is right for man to make use of his natural resources for the health and welfare of society but exploiting natural resources for personal gain when it adversely effects his fellow man is wrong. Such actions are contrary to our social nature which is necessary for our proper development. It’s like earning a driver’s license which in itself is a good privilege and is part of becoming a responsible citizen in many countries. Yet, just because you have one doesn’t mean you can go around tearing up the road and putting others at risk. Its the same way with the environment.

4. Examples of the Popes and the Vatican.
The Vatican and the two most recent Popes strongly advocate environmental responsibility. In summer 2007 the Vatican announced its plans to become the first carbon neutral state in the world by offsetting its carbon emissions through planting trees in the newly renamed Vatican Climate Forrest. The Vatican has also installed solar panels on top of Paul VI audience hall which produce 300,000 kilowatt hours per year. They are planning a larger solar farm outside Rome and they are not stopping there. The Vatican’s commitment to conservation has reached inside its buildings where experts are working at reducing wasted energy. Some see all of this as a grand political move to gain a moral advantage from which to homilize stewardship and they may be right. So what’s wrong with that? The theory of anthropogenic (man-made) global warming has been accused of being a much exploited neo-pagan myth. The problem is that the myth issue eclipses our Christian duty as stewards of the Earth. In my humble opinion, just because there is evidence to justify flushing global warming down the drain doesn’t mean we should let stewardship drown with it. The fact that the Vatican recently appears to be truly concerned about global warming should not detract from the fact that it has always preached stewardship. Here’s a few examples of Popes promoting stewardship with regard to the environment (emphasis mine):

POPE JOHN PAUL II:
“In our day there is a growing awareness that world peace is threatened not only by the arms race, regional conflicts and continued injustice among peoples and nations, but also by a lack of due respect for nature, by the plundering of natural resources, and by a progressive decline in the quality of life.[3]

“Although people are rightly worried, though much less than they should be, about preserving the natural habitats of the various animal species threatened with extinction, because they realize that each of these species makes a particular contribution to the balance of nature in general, too little effort is made to safeguard the moral conditions for an authentic “human ecology.”[4]

The ecological crisis is essentially a moral crises and the solution of many of the ecological problems confronting the entire human family requires strategies and motivation “based on a moral coherent worldview.”[5]

“While population growth is often blamed for environmental problems, we know that the matter is more complex. Patterns of consumption and waste, especially in developed nations, depletion of natural resources, the absence of restrictions or safeguards in some industrial or production processes, all endanger the natural environment.”[6]

POPE BENEDICT XVI
“Indeed, questions of security, development goals, reduction of local and global inequalities, protection of the environment, of resources and of the climate, require all international leaders to act jointly and to show a readiness to work in good faith, respecting the law, and promoting solidarity with the weakest regions of the planet. I am thinking especially of those countries in Africa and other parts of the world which remain on the margins of authentic integral development, and are therefore at risk of experiencing only the negative effects of globalization.”[7]

Preservation of the environment, promotion of sustainable development and particular attention to climate change are matters of grave concern for the entire human family. No nation or business sector can ignore the ethical implications present in all economic and social development. With increasing clarity scientific research demonstrates that the impact of human actions in any one place or region can have worldwide effects.”[8]

5. Stewardship is a Grave Moral Obligation
Environmental responsibility is not just for global organizations, nations and large corporations. Rather it an individual responsibility. As tenants and custodians of the world we have a responsibility to care for the environment especially when that environment directly affects our health. A quick glance at our world will show that we have caused it to slide from its already fallen state. This is true even when excluding global warming as a myth. There is plenty of damage done in other areas such as the destruction of rain forests resulting in the loss of entire species of organisms. In many places of the world water and food supplies are contaminated with toxic chemicals. Managing waste materials and landfills is an epidemic problem. Much of the damage done to the Lord’s vineyard has come out of the abuse of the earth’s resources. Pope John Paul II taught us this in no uncertain terms and offered us a plan of action to undo what can be undone, “Economic activity carries with it the obligation to use the goods of nature reasonably. But it also involves the grave moral obligation both to repair damage already inflicted on nature and to prevent any negative effects, which may later arise… especially in regard to toxic residue.[9] ” This, he said is “the responsibility of everyone,” and then continued, “I should like to address directly my brothers and sisters in the Catholic Church, in order to remind them of their serious obligation to care for all of creation.[10] ” Our responsibility to ensure the basic right for wellness through a healthy environment is a now a matter of repair and prevention, and the matter is a grave one. Certainly this responsibility is secondary to the threat against life as evidenced in issues like abortion and euthanasia, yet if we can do something to repair and prevent the ravages of toxic chemicals we should do it. Otherwise by our indifference we cause the suffering of others as well as ourselves; and that is tantamount to a sin of omission.

Conclusion – What to do about it
OK, so maybe this article has convinced you that you should be doing something about the environment… but what should you do and where do you start? John Paul II gives us this direction, “Modern society will find no solution to the ecological problem unless it takes a serious look at its lifestyle.[11] .” So you should start right where you are with your immediate cirle of influence. You start with your own home, your own car, and your own office space. Many people do not fully realize the degree to which they are exposed to harmful chemicals right in their own homes. Studies conducted prove that indoor air is far more polluted than outdoor air[12] . Many of our daily activities involve chemicals that directly affect not just our overall environment but also our personal health in adverse ways. These same chemicals when handled in industrial plants have a strict set of rules called Hazmat[13] governing their safe use but once they are in your home there are no rules. And your exposure to them is not limited to when you are using them. They leave a residue on every surface where you apply them and they absorb into your skin when you touch that surface. Even before you use them they seap into the air through a process known as off-gassing. The good news is that there are alternatives that are safer, more effective, more affordable and more convenient. If you would like to know more about alternative products that I personally use go to http://www.livegreenwellness.com .

Choosing to make responsible use of the earth’s resources in our own little corner of the world may seem small but collectively it’s having a positive impact on our world. Once you’ve removed these toxic chemicals from your home the next step is to raise your children with an environmental awareness. Teach them about the responsible use of the Earth’s resources. This is right on track with how the Church and Pope John Paul II view all material goods, “as God’s gifts to us. They are meant to bring out in each one of us the image of God.[14] ” As simple as it may be this is no small message that is entrusted to each individual family. Again Pope John Paul II explains, “An education in ecological responsibility is urgent… The first educator, however, is the family, where the child learns to respect his neighbor and to love nature.[15] ” This can be one of those great daily opportunities to teach our children about our faith because by example we are showing them love of neighbor and God through the world he created.


RESOURCES:
Saint Francis:
http://www.franciscan-sfo.org/gw/ecology0.htm

Saints and Animals:
http://www.all-creatures.org/ca/ark-196-saints.html

Green Goods are more Humane:
http://planetgreen.discovery.com/food-health/local-organic-humane.html

Natural Law and the Greater Good:
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09076a.htm

Stewardship a Grave Moral Obligation:
Address Of His Holiness Pope John Paul II To The Diplomatic Corps, Monday, 13 January 2003 : http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/speeches/2003/january/documents/hf_jp-ii_spe_20030113_diplomatic-corps_en.html

The Ecological Crisis: A Common Responsibility; Message Of His Holiness Pope John Paul II For The Celebration Of The World Day Of Peace January 1, 1990: http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/messages/peace/documents/hf_jp-ii_mes_19891208_xxiii-world-day-for-peace_en.html

Pope John Paul II –Solicitudo Rei Socialis . . . in everyday language. On Social Concern, 1987:
http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/john_paul_ii/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_30121987_sollicitudo-rei-socialis_en.html

Carbon Neutral State:
http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0902734.htm
http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/new.php?n=9868
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/03/business/worldbusiness/03iht-carbon.4.7366547.html

Pope John Paul II Quotes:
http://www.franciscan-sfo.org/gw/ecology0.htm

Pope Benedict XVI Quotes:
http://hancaquam.blogspot.com/2009/01/global-warming-hoax-myth-of-scientific_09.html
http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2007/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20070901_symposium-environment_en.html
http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2008/april/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20080418_un-visit_en.html

Indoor Air Pollution:
Environmental Protection Agency: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/insidest.html

FOOTNOTES:

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
  1. faith, hope and charity []
  2. Celano – Historian and Companion of Saint Francis, Ch. CXXV []
  3. World Day of Peace Message, Jan. 1, 1990 []
  4. Encyclical letter, May, 1991 []
  5. World Day of Peace Message, Jan. 1, 1990 []
  6. Address to Mrs. Nafia Sadik, Secretary General of the 1984 International Conference on Population and Development, and Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund, 18 March 1984, Vatican. []
  7. Pope Benedict’s address to the UN General Assembly 18 April 2008 []
  8. Letter Of His Holiness Benedict Xvi To The Ecumenical Patriarch Of Constantinople On The Occasion Of The Seventh Symposium Of The Religion, Science And The Environment Movement, 1 September 2007 []
  9. ADDRESS OF HIS HOLINESS JOHN PAUL II ON THE OCCASION OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE OF FAO Thursday, 16 November 1989 []
  10. MESSAGE OF HIS HOLINESS POPE JOHN PAUL II FOR THE CELEBRATION OF THE WORLD DAY OF PEACE 1 JANUARY 1990 []
  11. The Ecological Crisis: A Common Responsibility; Message Of His Holiness Pope John Paul II For The Celebration Of The World Day Of Peace January 1, 1990 []
  12. Environmental Protection Agency: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/insidest.html []
  13. a concatenated word from hazardous and materierals []
  14. Solicitudo Rei Socialis []
  15. The Ecological Crisis: A Common Responsibility; Message Of His Holiness Pope John Paul II For The Celebration Of The World Day Of Peace January 1, 1990 []

The Rubrics Cube

Monday, October 12th, 2009

Rubrics CubeRubrics[1] and the GIRM present just two choices; follow them or don’t follow them. So why is it that excuses about following (or not following) the guidelines for sacraments are as confusing as solving that similar sounding 70’s classic 3D puzzle Rubik’s Cube? On the one hand excessive attention to the rules detracts from the meaning of the liturgical words and purpose. On the other hand licensciously ignoring them leads away from virtue, truth and beauty. Asking ourselves what side we should be on gives us cause to wonder what side is Jesus on? Some see Jesus as the liberator. When the Pharisees tested Him, He rebuked them for shutting up the way to heaven (Matthew 23:13) and told us to do as they say but not as they do (Matthew 23:3). When they accused Him of breaking the Sabbath He explained that the Sabbath is made for man not man for the Sabbath (Mark 2:23-28). From these passages it would seem that Jesus is on the side of bending rules and yet Jesus set the record straight on divorce, saying that since the beginning it was not so and that whatever God has put together no man should undo (Mark 10:2-12). Jesus also chose to be baptized though theologically He had no need for it. When John protested Jesus said, “Allow it now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness,” (Matthew 3:13-17). So others see Jesus as demonstrating strict adherence to the rules. Passages like these that seemingly oppose or favor an attitude toward or away from law have been misappropriated by liberals and conservatives alike in order to paint an image of Jesus that fits their agenda. If you’ve ever been caught in a discussion or argument about the rigidity of rules in the Mass then you may have found yourself unwittingly forced onto one side or the other… and that’s where the problem is. Insisting on following the rules is liable to get you labeled as a Pharisee but twisting the rules puts you in the camp of non-conformist or anarchist. Neither extreme is desirable or correct.

So the problem is not so much with our answer as it is with the question “which side are you on?” The question incites division where there should be unity. In a sense it asks us to choose either the rigidity of Old Testament ways or the fluidity of New Testament revelation. But we should not settle for the loss of either. Both are crowns, both are graces and like Saint Maximilian Kolbe[2] we should choose both crowns. In similar fashion, the wedding feast at Cana shows us that the old wine is good and the new wine is exceedingly good. The old wine was not discarded because it was sour; rather it was heartily consumed because it was good. If the old wine is the Old Covenant and the new wine is the New Covenant then both covenants are good but the second is made extraordinary by grace and by succeeding the first. So let us rephrase the question to ask how we can embrace both the letter and the spirit of the law, which will never contradict each other. That is what Jesus did. He taught that both law and right practice are requirements for the kingdom of heaven (Matthew 5:17-20). When we have a heart for obeying the law, then we do what is required not out of obligation or misguided over-scrupulosity, but rather out of a sincere desire to do what is right.

Time and time again Jesus explained how the law is to be fulfilled. He taught persistence and humility in prayer, healing on the Sabbath, forgiveness of sins, love toward enemies, and sanctity of marriage, all as the right fulfillment of law. Many times the example Jesus gives elevates our understanding from law to sacrament and thus moves from good to extraordinary. One such instance is the Bread of Life discourse (John 6:30-68) which relates to the Holy Eucharist. In the Bread of Life discourse Jesus started with the Levitical understanding of Manna, the bread that fell from the heavens and which the Israelites ate in the desert, and exalted it to truly divine heights saying, “I am the living bread that came down from heaven; whoever eats this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh for the life of the world” (John 6:51-52). Then at the Last Supper Jesus used these words, “this is my body” and “this is my blood of the covenant” (Matthew 26:26-28, Mark 14:22-24, Luke 22:19-20, & 1 Corinthians 11:23-26). This is the formula[3] of consecration in our Latin Rite Liturgy of the Eucharist even to this day and it is the second grace that John writes about in the first chapter of his gospel,” From his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace” (John 1:16). John’s meaning is clear, he is saying that the law and the prophets (the Old Testament) are grace to man, and that the good news (the New Testament) is a grace on top of that, a grace from the fullness of God. So this is how I choose to see rules like the GIRM and rubrics, those red letter words added to the formula of Mass to guide and instruct proper form. I choose not to see them as an intrusive burden but an added blessing. To be sure, they are not greater or more exulted words than the formulae, but they are important to understand the formulae. So I choose to see them like grace multiplying grace.

Resources:
Modern Catholic Dictionary, John A. Hardon, S.J. 1999 Inter Mirifica
http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13216a.htm
licatholic.org

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
  1. What is a rubric? Rubrics are instructions and rules (laws really) that are inserted into the Breviary and Missal to guide bishops, priests or deacons in the Eucharistic liturgy, the administration of sacraments and sacramentals, and the preaching of the Word of God. Literally rubrica means red earth, specifically it is that red earth which ancient carpenters used to mark cut lines on wood. Similarly, in order to distinguish instructions from the formulae of prayers they were (and still are) written in red. These written instructions grew out of verbal instructions sometimes the red words are general instructions, sometimes they are specific but they always explain the use of the text. This lead to the common phrase, “read the red if you would understand the black.” []
  2. Maximilian Kolbe had a vision as a child in which Mary showed him a pair of crowns; one white and one red. The white crown represented perseverance through purity and the red represented martyrdom. When Mary asked which he wanted, Maximilian answered, “both”. Indeed he remained pure and became a priest and then later in a Nazi prison gave up his life by taking the place of another condemned to stave to death. After days of starvation and thirst which he filed with song and prayer, he was killed by injection with carbonic acid. His faith and heroism up to the point of death are well documented. []
  3. What is Formula[e]? A formula is a precise statement or formulation of a principle. There are philosophical, ritual, and theological formulas. For our purposes here we are concerned with ritual formulas which prescribe the administration of sacraments and sacramentals. For instance baptism requires the use of water and the words “I baptize you in the name of the father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit” []

Jonah and the Good Samaritan

Thursday, October 8th, 2009

What a fantastic and often underestimated gift the Lectionary is! Each day the Lectionary juxtaposes readings from Moses and the Prophets with the Gospels in order that we may hear Christ’s messianic mission pronounced clearly. Each time I read the daily readings I consider what purpose the Church had in mind and often I find myself thinking with greater effort than if I hadn’t kept it in mind. So it produced fruit to ask this question about the readings; why were these two passages put together?

The readings for Monday October 5th 2009 (Jonah 1:1-16 & Jonah 2:1-11, Luke 10:25-37) perplexed me at first because the Gospel wouldn’t have been the one I would have chosen. There are plenty of Gospel readings to pair with the story of Jonah. For instance there’s Matthew 12:40, which describes Jesus directly quoting Jonah regarding a sign of the messiah. There’s also Mark 4:35-40, which depicts Jesus asleep while the Apostles fear for their lives sailing through a tempest, just as Jonah sleeps through the tempest (Jonah 1:5-6). Then there’s the parable of the Good Son (Matthew 21:28-31) and also the parable of the Prodigal Son, both of which nicely parallel Jonah’s reluctant journey and bitterness over Nineveh’s salvation (which readings follow latter in the week). We could look to the Pentecost (Acts 2:36-38) readings where the people seek to be cleared of shedding Christ’s innocent blood, just as the sailors in Jonah seek acquittal (Jonah 1:14). If we keep looking, I’m sure we’ll find more gospel readings to compare with Jonah. Yet, there was a reason why Luke was chosen over Mathew (other than this being year B, Cycle I).

What do the two readings have in common or else how are they opposed? Both Jonah and the scholar evading what God asks of them. Jonah is literally fleeing away from God while the scholar is trying to justify himself. And in each case mercy prevails. What motivated Jonah to have the men throw him overboard? Jonah knew it was his disobedience that brought calamity upon the others. He is not so innocent but even so, only a repentant and righteous man would forfeit his life for others. This is an act of mercy, so it’s easy to see Jonah as Christ like. Also when God responds to Jonah’s prayer’s and commands the fish to spew him out, this too is mercy. In the gospel parable Jesus is the personification of both the victim and the Good Samaritan and it is this example that Jesus asks the scholar and each of us to emulate. Even though the scholar’s motive was to test Him, Jesus did not condemn but rather let him, “Go and do likewise.”

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.

Pope Benedict XVI on Priestly Identity

Thursday, October 1st, 2009

These recent quotes from Pope Benedixt XVI deserve more attention (emphasis mine):

“…the particular identity of priests and laity must be seen in the light of the essential difference between priestly ministry and the ‘common priesthood’. Hence it is important to avoid the secularisation of clergy and the ‘clericalisation’ of the laity“.

“…the lack of priests does not justify a more active and abundant participation of the laity. The truth is that the greater the faithful’s awareness of their own responsibilities within the Church, the clearer becomes the specific identity and inimitable role of the priest as pastor of the entire community, witness to the authenticity of the faith, and dispenser of the mysteries of salvation in the name of Christ the Head”.

“The function of the clergy is essential and irreplaceable in announcing the Word and celebrating the Sacraments, especially the Eucharist. … For this reason it is vital to ask the Lord to send workers for His harvest; and it is necessary that priests express joy in their faithfulness to their identity”.

The Pope made it clear that “the shortage of priests must not come to be considered as a normal or typical state of affairs for the future“.

Source:
Vatican News Service 09.17.2009 – Nineteenth Year – Num. 156

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.

Transfiguration Cloud

Thursday, October 1st, 2009

This is the fruit of an Ignatian exercise on Friday 11-14-2008, contemplating Christ at the Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-8). I humbly offer this as pure speculation. I have no idea how it stands theologically.

The Transfiguration (top portion), Raffaello Sanzio 1516- 1520

The Transfiguration (top portion), Raffaello Sanzio 1516- 1520

What struck me about this passage, which I had never noticed before was that “a bright cloud cast a shadow over them.” I wondered if the cloud is bright then how is it that it can cast a shadow… [If the light is coming from the cloud wouldn’t it shine light]? Bright things usually illuminate other things. Then it occurred to me that the cloud is bright because there is a greater light behind it. If the cloud is blocking the light, as earthly clouds block the sun, then this cloud will cast a shadow. This made me see that the Father is covered with this cloud and the Father’s light shines through it and around it, such that the full greatness of Him is kept from our vision (cf Exodus 24:16-18). Later as I read that the cloud is the Holy Spirit (CCC 555), it occurred to me that this overshadowing is like that which God’s messenger Gabriel said would overshadow Mary so that she would conceive Jesus and He would be called holy and the Son of God(Luke 1:35). So here the cloud overshadows the Apostles, Moses and Elijah at the inception of the Church. Is it right to say that God conceived the Church in them? Certainly the Church is not the invention of man but men have cooperated with the Holy Spirit just as Mary cooperated with the Holy Spirit. The National Catholic Register wrote in their Guide to the Rosary that Peter, James and John, whom Jesus chose to witness the transfiguration, were thus rewarded for three acts of piety:
1. Saying yes to Christ’s invitation
2. Praying
3. Staying close to Jesus
This is what we honor Mary for doing at the Annunciation when she heard the good news that she would bare Christ. Mary was likewise rewarded for:
1. Saying yes to be God’s handmaid (Luke 1:38)
2. Praying and keeping these things in her heart (Luke 2:19)
3. Staying close to Jesus
So I think that this idea has merit… that the Apostles bore and raised the Church as Mary bore and raised Jesus. That brings up the question, when was the Church conceived rather than born or instituted (Jesus instituted the Church at His Ascension Matthew 28:18-20)? It may be that the Church was announced at the Transfiguration, conceived at the Last Supper, labored for at the Crucifixion and born at the Resurrection. Indeed, as scripture says, this child was born quickly…

Isaiah 66:7-8
7Before she was in labour, she brought forth; before her time came to be delivered, she brought forth a man child.
8Who hath ever heard such a thing? and who hath seen the like to this? shall the earth bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be brought forth at once, because Sion hath been in labour, and hath brought forth her children?

Resource:
National Catholic Register – Guide to the Rosary, Copyright 2003 Circle Media Inc., pg 25

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
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25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
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40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
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35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
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28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
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36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
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14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
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1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
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16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
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35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
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38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
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19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
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18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

Limit of Evil

Tuesday, September 15th, 2009
Memory and Identity - Rizzoli 2005

Memory and Identity - Rizzoli 2005

In response to the question: “Evil sometimes seems omnipotent, it seems to exercise absolute dominion over the world. Holy Father, does there exist a threshold that evil is unable to cross?”

If I have wanted to underline the limit imposed upon evil in European history, I must conclude that the limit is constituted by good – the divine good and the human good that have been revealed in that history, over the course of the last century and of entire millennia. Yet it is hard to forget the evil that has been personally experienced: one can only forgive. And what does it mean to forgive, if not to appeal to a good that is greater than any evil? This good, after all, has its foundation in God alone. Only God is this good. The limit imposed upon evil by divine good has entered human history, especially the history of Europe, through the work of Christ. So it is impossible to separate Christ from human history. This is especially what I said during my first visit to Poland, in Victory Square, Warsaw. I stated then that it was impossible to separate Christ form my country’s history. Is it possible to separate him from any other country’s history? Is it possible to separate him from the history of Europe? Only in him, in fact, can all nations and all humanity “cross the threshold of hope”! ~ John Paul II Memory and Identity pg 15, Rizzoli International Publication 2005 [emphasis mine]

When John Paul II mentions the good that has entered history in this century and in this millennia he seems to be referring to the forgiveness that he says we offer and which is rooted in Christ. Yet I can’t help but consider that it is because goodness itself (God) entered history by becoming man, suffering, dying and rising, that evil has any limit at all. It seems to me that the greatest evil that can be done has indeed been done to God. It is precisely because of the perfect goodness of God that evil has its limit. The ultimate evil that can be done is only ultimate because it is perpetrated against Him who is ultimate goodness. A man can be persecuted, spit upon, ridiculed, humiliated, stripped, scourged, beaten, forced to carry the instrument of his death, and then killed in public view, but if he is only a man this will be evil for sure but not the ultimate evil, for if all of it or worse is done to many people then it is an even greater evil. Yet if the same atrocities are perpetrated against a man who is also God then it is the ultimate evil, for there is none greater to sin against. So I must conclude that there is no greater evil than that which is done against the greatest good; God. To our great shame this is exactly what we do each time we sin. Were it not for the great mercy of God the evil we do would have no limit. Praise God for His unfathomable mercy!

An afterthought:

In Mel Gibson’s movie The Passion of the Christ, during the scourging, Mary asks the quintessential question of the movie and indeed of humanity, “My son, when, where, how will you choose to be delivered of this?”  In other words, how much more are you and I going to take?  Where does this brutality have its end?  The movie answers this question both with words and with actions.  In words, when Jesus meets his mother after falling with the Cross, she says, “I am here.” Earlier, Mary seemed to be saying how unbearable the suffering is and now she seems to be reminding Jesus why He’s enduring it.  Now Jesus responds, “see mother, I make all things new.”    In a sense, He is saying that although I will take this to my death it will not end there.  Actions have the last word in this movie and this is as it should be since it is said that actions speak louder than words.  The Passion of the Christ concludes with the Resurrection, giving finitude to this question of the limit of evil and suffering; it ends with triumph over evil and death.  Evil has its limit, its end in Christ.

© 2009 Tim Bartel

2 Corinthians 3:2
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2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
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15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
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10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
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33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
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1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
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29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
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13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
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3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
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23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
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2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
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13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
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17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
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30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
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51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
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26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
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22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
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19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
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23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
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16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
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1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

Dream of the Altar Cloth

Tuesday, August 25th, 2009

Dream:

I was at my home parish standing at the altar about to consecrate the Eucharist.  A friend was standing on the other side of the altar in front of me to the left.  He invited me to look at the altar cloth, which was pristine white.  As I looked I saw some small crumbs of the Blessed Sacrament on the altar cloth.  Startled, I reached out too pick up the crumbs and place them in the ciborium but my friend invited me to look closer.  Instantly I was able to see the altar more clearly and became aware of many smaller crumbs like course sand or like a constellation of stars but all of one size spread unevenly over the entire altar cloth.  They were nearly as white as the altar cloth and therefore required close inspection to discern.  My immediate thought was, “how do I possibly pick up all of them?”  I was embarrassed and bewildered at how many there were.  My friend seemed to be saying to me that the altar cloth would have to be laundered and I knew that the Church has a special means by which to purify it.

 Notes:

I experienced this dream a couple of years ago and I truly wish I had written it down while it was fresh in my mind.  Nevertheless, I can still picture some of the images in my mind, especially the clarity with which I was made able to see the crumbs on the altar cloth at the second glance.

 My Interpretation:

The meaning of this dream is also equally clear to me.  Upon waking I almost immediately recognized that this dream was informing me of a need for the sacrament of Confession, which I soon made.  There were a few aspects of the dream that troubled me until further contemplation.  First of which is the number of small crumbs.  The crumbs represent my non-confessed sins at the time.  The size of the crumbs denotes the degree of sins; how grave it is.  The number of crumbs was greater than I would have imagined and this directly relates to how many times I committed these infractions.  The second look recalls the examination of conscience prior to confession.  That the crumbs were white and blended in with the altar cloth refers to how difficult it is to discern even small sins from everyday activities of life or to realize and acknowledge them as sins. The second troubling aspect of this dream is that I am not a priest and cannot consecrate the host.  But every Catholic has a priestly role in the Mass.  That is, every Catholic offers the trials of his life in union with the Holy Sacrifice.  This is what is meant by my intention to consecrate.  I am coming before the altar, in union with the sacrifice of the Holy Mass, in order to offer my trials to God.  Before I actually give them up my friend, who in this instance represents either Jesus, my guardian angel, or my own conscience, points out that there are non-confessed sins of which I am not fully aware.  The third troubling aspect about the dream is the particular friend that my conscience chose to represent as counselor to me.  This preoccupied me and hindered me temporarily from fully considering the previous two troubling aspects.  I had to first put aside any personal objections and internal competitions I had with this real life friend before I could move forward.  Although this part of the dream was minor when compared to the meaning and importance of the other images I mention it because it is these kinds of prejudices that the conscious mind entertains that prevent spiritual growth. 

Perhaps the most peculiar aspect of this dream imagery is how the Eucharist can be a sign of sin.  I never questioned whether the crumbs on the altar were consecrated.  When I saw the first of the few larger crumbs I knew that they were in fact consecrated.  That’s why it was startling for me to see.  If I understand these crumbs to be my sins then the shock of seeing so many is likewise understandable.  If these crumbs are not consecrated then they are just bread crumbs and there is no weight to their importance as representation of sin.  They would be sins not committed in that case.  It is easier to see how the dream image of the Eucharist can represent sin if we look at the totality of Christ’s true presence in the Eucharist regardless of the size of the host or its fragmentation.  In the same way that the smallest piece of the Eucharist is 100% Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ, likewise the smallest sin is 100% sin.  When I described this dream and interpretation to my confessor he acknowledged it as good and reasonable.

Some after thoughts and additional reading:

There is another way by which the Eucharist can represent sin.  While recalling to mind that the Eucharist is Jesus consider that Jesus was made sin for us:

“And all this is from God, who has reconciled us to himself through Christ and given us the ministry of reconciliation, namely, God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting their trespasses against them and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation.  So we are ambassadors for Christ, as if God were appealing through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.  For our sake he made him to be sin who did not know sin, so that we might become the righteousness of God in him.” ~ 2 Corinthians 5:18-21

The context of this quote is precisely the same as the context of this dream of the altar cloth and crumbs; reconciliation.   Compare Numbers 21:8 with John 19:37 and Zechariah 12:10

© Tim Bartel 2008

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
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30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Christ; and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation.
19For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their sins; and he hath placed in us the word of reconciliation.
20For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.
21Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us, that we might be made the justice of God in him.
Numbers 21:8
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
8And the Lord said to him: Make brazen serpent, and set it up for a sign: whosoever being struck shall look on it, shall live.
John 19:37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
37And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Zechariah 12:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.

How Some Dreams Inform the Conscience

Tuesday, August 25th, 2009

Dreams come in many types.  The majority of them are like fleeting mental and emotional regurgitations from experiences we have while awake.  As we sleep our minds bring them up and chew on them for a while before swallowing them back down again.  That many dreams are influenced by bodily functions and external factors is certain.  Yet some dreams are more vivid and leave us with a notion that they are important.  The dreamer usually knows when a dream is important.  Additionally, since the subconscious mind is impartial the dreams we sometimes have can inform us of our conscience especially when we are suppressing it.  It’s these kinds of “important” or “informing” dreams that I will write about in this blog.

 

If you are interested in a Catholic book on dreams here is one with an imprimatur: The Secret of Dreams by Pedro Meseguer, S.J.  It is out of print but I was able to find a copy on Ebay.  It is scholarly and examines psychoanalysis too heavily in my opinion but you can find a few suggestions in it for the practical application of dreams as an aid to informing the conscience.  The author recommends such interpretation be done with the help of a suitable spiritual advisor.

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Christ; and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation.
19For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their sins; and he hath placed in us the word of reconciliation.
20For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.
21Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us, that we might be made the justice of God in him.
Numbers 21:8
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
8And the Lord said to him: Make brazen serpent, and set it up for a sign: whosoever being struck shall look on it, shall live.
John 19:37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
37And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Zechariah 12:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.

Two Standards – Part ONE

Thursday, August 20th, 2009

Note:

This post is the result of an Ignatius exercise I did a year ago.  The exercise is to contrast the devil’s standard with Christ’s standard.  Although I completed the meditation I did not write type the second half (I may have hand written notes but I cannot find them at present).  I can still recall some of the images of Christ’s standard and perhaps if I do the exercise again (or if I find my notes) I will publish the second part.

 

Part ONE:

Paradise Lost - Gustave Dore

Paradise Lost - Gustave Dore

I was in the middle of the field of grain that I had planted when I had the thought to survey my crops.  So I climbed a near by hill that overlooks my property.  From there I could see the small expanse of my handiwork.  The grains were tall and moved with the wind gently dancing beneath a bright pale blue sky.  Off to the left, in the peripheral of my vision I saw something dark.  Is it rain clouds I wondered?  Then the darkness grew and billowed out like smoke from a raging fire, thick and black.  As I stared, half in curiosity and half in dreaded fear of a fire started by lightning, I found myself drawn nearer to the darkness.  My vision was pulled closer, though I stood yet firm on the tiny outcropping of mud and grass near my home.  Still my eyes could see what was afar just as if I were near that distant darkness.  I saw a glimpse of something red and fiery cutting through the smoke like the eyes of a possum at midnight when caught by a strong beam of light.  It flashed at me and I was drawn in closer.  I saw hundreds of thousands of men and women dancing and cavorting, undulating in and swaying to a deep and pulsing drumbeat. This dance in the brimstone darkness was different than the dance of the grain in the sun.  This dance came not from the wind as it breathed or the stalks as they moved, but rather it pulsed outward from the center of the darkness like waves of percussion, like shock waves from the constant pounding.  The people seemed enraptured in the dance.  In my minds eye I kept moving inward toward the center.  Now I saw people whose eyes had turned white as if they turned their eyes inward to look upon themselves.  They had creatures on their shoulders and heads; tiny beasts of varying type.  Some were like cats, some like ravens and still others like reptiles.  Still further in I saw people with these creatures, snakes mostly, twisting about them and speaking in their ears.  Moving deeper toward the dark center of this place I saw many, many hundreds of thousands of people with snakes burrowing through their bodies, moving in and out of their flesh like worms in viscous mud.  The people there stood nearly catatonic, not dancing at all but still as if completely given over to the movements of the serpents.  The people’s heads were turned upward and their mouths open as if dry from thirst.  But no water was given them.  They breathed not but the beasts writhing in them breathed for them.  The pounding of drums was now so deafening that I hardly could think of anything else.  And them I saw the greatest beast of hem all at the center of the darkness.  It was almost completely dark except for the red flicker of flames that occasionally showed through the black smoke.  This giant dragon was many stories tall and scaled from head to toe.  It had six wings and six large hands with millions of threads attached like spiders webs but strong like steel cables.  These threads went from the dragon’s hands, through the black smoke and ended in the tiny beasts and snakes that slither though the people’s bodies.  When the dragon thumped its tail it caused the horrible beat which traveled not just through the air but also along the spider threads to the small beasts and the people sense it heightened so that they no longer have control.  Fear ran through me so great that it stopped my heart for a moment and I feared that the dragon had pulled me in with the others.  I feared the worst, that the beasts were in me and I had stopped breathing too.  In an instant I thought of all the good things I was losing.  I thought of home, the blue sky and the fields of grain.  I thought I would never see those things again like I had died while yet living.  Then a bolt of lightning shot out at my feet and shocked my body knocking me backward and leaving me unconscious. 

 When I woke up the smoke and fire, dragon and beasts, drumbeat, webs and people were all gone from my sight and I could breathe and feel my heart beating for itself once again.  Was it real?  I had no doubt even if no one would ever believe me.  Gaining my strength I got up and went down the hill into my field to breath in the thick air sweetened with wheat.  The grains had grown tall.  They were over my head and sun illuminated their dancing heads as the stalks brushed against each other to the movement of gentle breezes.  They made a heartwarming bustling sound like women dressed to the hilt in beautiful gowns rushing to make ready for a grand ball.  As I moved through the field the waves of stalks parted but for one that stood directly in my path.  It was not a stalk of grain but a weed, darker and stronger that the wheat.  I thought to cut it down and as I grabbed a hold of the stalk I came close enough to it to see that it had my name written on the main stem.  Then when I recoiled, startled at this, I saw another weed and another and still many more all with my name on them.

 Note about part two:

In the second part I fall prey to the drum beat but am rescued by a flood of water and am carried on its waves to a brighter land where I meet a king who bids me to sow better seeds.

 © Tim Bartel 2008

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
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40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
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35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
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28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
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36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
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35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
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38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
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19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
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18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Christ; and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation.
19For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their sins; and he hath placed in us the word of reconciliation.
20For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.
21Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us, that we might be made the justice of God in him.
Numbers 21:8
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
8And the Lord said to him: Make brazen serpent, and set it up for a sign: whosoever being struck shall look on it, shall live.
John 19:37
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37And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Zechariah 12:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.

The Father’s Workshop

Thursday, August 20th, 2009

The following is a meditation I enjoyed after a reading from the Gospel on the flight into Egypt.  The bible verses were followed by a reading from Catherine Emerich about the difficulties of the journey.  We were invited to imagine ourselves in the company of the Holy Family at dinner.

Holy Family in the Workhop

Holy Family in the Workhop

When dinner is ended the boy Jesus addresses me.  His hair is wavy and His skin dark and tanned.  He is young.  I am aware that He is about seven but he acts more like nine or ten.  He is mature beyond his age but excited to speak and to show me something.  “Come, come with me,” He invites, “I want to show you my father’s workshop.”  At once I am aware that the workshop is Joseph’s but also metaphorically the workshop of the Father in heaven.  We get there instantly, and the Child Jesus explains, “We build many things here, my father and I.”  I am aware that this means also that He and His Devine Father made all things.  I notice a stain on a length of wood and Jesus responds, “Yes, it is my blood.  I have spilled my blood on the wood many times working here.  This isn’t the first and it will not be the last.”  I am aware that this is literal and also that it means it is not His last drop of blood but that He will give His last drop also in a work involving wood, the wood of the cross.  Young Jesus continues, “We begin work here on Sunday and continue through the week.  Thursday is the hardest.”  I am aware that this extra load of work on Thursday is a foreshadowing of his passion that begins in agony and that The Child Jesus contemplates while at work.  He continues, “On Saturday we go into the house and pray.  We pray as we remember the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt.  We pray for our own deliverance from Egypt and we pray for your deliverance from your Egypt.”  I am aware that “your Egypt” means both the general salvation of all souls from the hands of the evil one and also deliverance from my personal enslavement to sin.

© Tim Bartel 2008

2 Corinthians 3:2
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
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15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
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10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
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33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
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29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
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13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
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3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
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23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
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2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
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13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
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30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
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51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
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26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
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22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
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19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
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23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
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16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
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1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
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25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
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40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
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35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
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28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
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36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
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16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
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35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
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38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
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19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
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18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21
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18But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Christ; and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation.
19For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their sins; and he hath placed in us the word of reconciliation.
20For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.
21Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us, that we might be made the justice of God in him.
Numbers 21:8
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8And the Lord said to him: Make brazen serpent, and set it up for a sign: whosoever being struck shall look on it, shall live.
John 19:37
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37And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Zechariah 12:10
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10And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.

The Delighful Wound

Tuesday, August 11th, 2009
Sr. Mary of St. Peter

Sr. Mary of St. Peter

May the most holy, most mysterious and unutterable Name of God be always praised, blessed, loved, adored and glorified in heaven, on earth and under the earth, by all creatures of God, and by the Sacred Heart of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the most Holy Sacrament of the altar.

This Golden Arrow,” according to Our Lord when He revealed it to Sister Mary of Saint Peter, a Carmelite Nun of Tours in 1843, “will wound My Heart delightfully and heal the wounds inflicted by blasphemy.

The “delightful wound” sounds like an oxymoron because wounds are generally painful and we try to avoid them.  But this wound is different than the ordinary kind.  It is a sign of contradiction in every sense of the phrase.  First, it is a contradiction in the way that the cross of the crucifix is visually a contradiction, having a horizontal line that intersects a vertical line.  The moment that the phrase “delightful wound” crosses the mind it intersects the heart with the enigmatic question, “what (or who) is this?”  Second, when we discover Christ, the Lamb of God, and learn of his free choice to suffer so that we might have life, we are wounded by this picture of His love.  It has carefully performed a precision piercing in the crust of our hearts and gently pressed into the soft depths beneath to the place where our treasures have been guarded.  Having entered into our hearts and transformed them, the sign of the crucifixion is then transformed by our hearts from an image of a senseless killing and a bloody victim into the image of our redemption and the perfect subject of our longing.  It is now that the heart begins to see along with the eyes of God the Father how perfect His Son is and how deep our need for His loving sacrifice is.  When a heart wounded by His beauty prays fervently a prayer of reciprocating love for Jesus (such as the Golden Arrow), then it wounds His heart in return.  In this way the love of God transverses a great chasm that man has carved between himself and his creator, his Father.  And that is the third way that the “delightful wound” is a contradiction; adoring the Christ on the cross atones for our sins of disobedience by which we first betrayed and violently wounded Christ because it makes a friend of the one we counted as an enemy.

Resources:

On the Way to Jesus Christ, Ignatious Press 2005; Chaper Two Pgs 32 – 41: Wounded By the Arrow of Beauty, The Cross and the New Aesthetics of Faith

On the Way to Jesus Christ, Ignatious Press 2005; Chaper Three Pgs 46 – 48: Communication and Culture New Methods of Evangelization in the Third Mellennium

Golden Arrow: The Revelations of Sr. Mary of St. Peter, Tan 1990

© Tim Bartel 2009

2 Corinthians 3:2
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2You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and read by all men:
Romans 2:15
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15Who shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness to them, and their thoughts between themselves accusing, or also defending one another,
Hebrews 8:10
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10For this is the testament which I will make to the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my laws into their mind, and in their heart will I write them: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people:
Jeremiah 31:33
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33But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel, after those days, saith the Lord: I will give my law in their bowels, and I will write it in their heart: and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Psalm 40:9
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9That I should do thy will: O my God, I have desired it, and thy law in the midst of my heart.
Genesis 1:1-31
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1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.
2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
3And God said: Be light made. And light was made.
4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness.
5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day.
6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so.
8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day.
9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done.
10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.
11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done.
12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit, having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years:
15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done.
16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars.
17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth.
18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and morning were the fourth day.
20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven.
21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth.
23And the evening and morning were the fifth day.
24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done.
25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good.
26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth.
27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them.
28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth.
29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat:
30And to all beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done.
31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.
Mark 12:29-31
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29And Jesus answered him: The first commandment of all is, Hear, O Israel: the Lord thy God is one God.
30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength. This is the first commandment.
31And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
CCC 341
¶341 The beauty of the universe: The order and harmony of the created world results from the diversity of beings and from the relationships which exist among them. Man discovers them progressively as the laws of nature. They call forth the admiration of scholars. The beauty of creation reflects the infinite beauty of the Creator and ought to inspire the respect and submission of man's intellect and will.
CCC 342
¶342 The hierarchy of creatures is expressed by the order of the "six days", from the less perfect to the more perfect. God loves all his creatures and takes care of each one, even the sparrow. Nevertheless, Jesus said: "You are of more value than many sparrows", or again: "Of how much more value is a man than a sheep!"
CCC 343
¶343 Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures.
CCC 339
¶339 Each creature possesses its own particular goodness and perfection. For each one of the works of the "six days" it is said: "And God saw that it was good." "By the very nature of creation, material being is endowed with its own stability, truth and excellence, its own order and laws." Each of the various creatures, willed in its own being, reflects in its own way a ray of God's infinite wisdom and goodness. Man must therefore respect the particular goodness of every creature, to avoid any disordered use of things which would be in contempt of the Creator and would bring disastrous consequences for human beings and their environment.
CCC 2415
¶2415 The seventh commandment enjoins respect for the integrity of creation. Animals, like plants and inanimate beings, are by nature destined for the common good of past, present, and future humanity. Use of the mineral, vegetable, and animal resources of the universe cannot be divorced from respect for moral imperatives. Man's dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life of his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.
Matthew 23:13
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13But woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men, for you yourselves do not enter in; and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
Matthew 23:3
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3All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe and do: but according to their works do ye not; for they say, and do not.
Mark 2:23-28
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23And it came to pass again, as the Lord walked through the corn fields on the sabbath, that his disciples began to go forward, and to pluck the ears of corn.
24And the Pharisees said to him: Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
25And he said to them: Have you never read what David did when he had need, and was hungry himself, and they that were with him?
26How he went into the house of God, under Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the loaves of proposition, which was not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave to them who were with him?
27And he said to them: The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath.
28Therefore the Son of man is Lord of the sabbath also.
Mark 10:2-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
2And the Pharisees coming to him asked him: Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.
3But he answering, saith to them: What did Moses command you?
4Who said: Moses permitted to write a bill of divorce, and to put her away.
5To whom Jesus answering, said: Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you that precept.
6But from the beginning of the creation, God made them male and female.
7For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother; and shall cleave to his wife.
8And they two shall be in one flesh. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh.
9What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
10And in the house again his disciples asked him concerning the same thing.
11And he saith to them: Whosoever shall put away his wife and marry another, committeth adultery against her.
12And if the wife shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.
Matthew 3:13-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
13Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan, unto John, to be baptized by him.
14But John stayed him, saying: I ought to be baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?
15And Jesus answering, said to him: Suffer it to be so now. For so it becometh us to fulfill all justice. Then he suffered him.
16And Jesus being baptized, forthwith came out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened to him: and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him.
17And behold a voice from heaven, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 5:17-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17Do not think that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets. I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.
18For amen I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tittle shall not pass of the law, till all be fulfilled.
19He therefore that shall break one of these least commandments, and shall so teach men, shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven. But he that shall do and teach, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
20For I tell you, that unless your justice abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
John 6:30-68
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
John 6:51-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
Matthew 26:26-28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
Mark 14:22-24
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22And whilst they were eating, Jesus took bread; and blessing, broke, and gave to them, and said: Take ye. This is my body.
23And having taken the chalice, giving thanks, he gave it to them. And they all drank of it.
24And he said to them: This is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many.
Luke 22:19-20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
19And taking bread, he gave thanks, and brake; and gave to them, saying: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of me.
20In like manner the chalice also, after he had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the new testament in my blood, which shall be shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26
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23For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took bread.
24And giving thanks, broke, and said: Take ye, and eat: this is my body, which shall be delivered for you: this do for the commemoration of me.
25In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying: This chalice is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
John 1:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16And of his fulness we all have received, and grace for grace.
Jonah 1:1-16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas the son of Amathi, saying:
2Arise, and go to Ninive the great city, and preach in it: for the wickedness thereof is come up before me.
3And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord, and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to Tharsis from the face of the Lord.
4But the Lord sent a great wind into the sea: and a great tempest was raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
7And they said every one to his fellow: Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonas.
8And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us, what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou? or of what people art thou?
9And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord the God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
10And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast thou done this? (for the men knew that he fled from the face of the Lord: because he had told them.)
11And they said to him: What shall we do to thee, that the sea may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
12And he said to them: Take me up, and cast me into the sea, and the sea shall be calm to you: for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.
13And the men rowed hard to return to land, but they were not able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
15And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea ceased from raging.
16And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonah 2:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.
2And Jonas prayed to the Lord his God out of the belly of the fish.
3And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my voice.
4And thou hast cast me forth into the deep in the heart of the sea, and a flood hath compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have passed over me.
5And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I shall see thy holy temple again.
6The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
7I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from corruption, O Lord my God.
8When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord: that my prayer may come to thee, unto thy holy temple.
9They that are vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
10But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
11And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the dry land.
Luke 10:25-37
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
25And behold a certain lawyer stood up, tempting him, and saying, Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?
26But he said to him: What is written in the law? how readest thou?
27He answering, said: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind: and thy neighbour as thyself.
28And he said to him: Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he willing to justify himself, said to Jesus: And who is my neighbour?
30And Jesus answering, said: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead.
31And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.
32In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by.
33But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion.
34And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.
35And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee.
36Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers?
37But he said: He that shewed mercy to him. And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.
Matthew 12:40
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40For as Jonas was in the whale's belly three days and three nights: so shall the Son of man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Mark 4:35-40
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35And he saith to them that day, when evening was come: Let us pass over to the other side.
36And sending away the multitude, they take him even as he was in the ship: and there were other ships with him.
37And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
38And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth it not concern thee that we perish?
39And rising up, he rebuked the wind, and said to the sea: Peace, be still. And the wind ceased: and there was made a great calm.
40And he said to them: Why are you fearful? have you not faith yet? And they feared exceedingly: and they said one to another: Who is this (thinkest thou) that both wind and sea obey him?
Jonah 1:5-6
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
6And the shipmaster came to him, and said to him: Why art thou fast asleep? rise up, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us, that we may not perish.
Matthew 21:28-31
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
Acts 2:36-38
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36Therefore let all the house of Israel know most certainly, that God hath made both Lord and Christ, this same Jesus, whom you have crucified.
37Now when they had heard these things, they had compunction in their heart, and said to Peter, and to the rest of the apostles: What shall we do, men and brethren?
38But Peter said to them: Do penance, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of your sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
Jonah 1:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood: for thou, O Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
Matthew 17:1-8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
2And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
3And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with him.
4And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
5And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed them. And lo, a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
6And the disciples hearing, fell upon their face, and were very much afraid.
7And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them, Arise, and fear not.
8And they lifting up their eyes saw no one but only Jesus.
Exodus 24:16-18
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud.
17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel.
18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.
Luke 1:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the most High shall overshadow thee. And therefore also the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 1:38
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38And Mary said: Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it done to me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Luke 2:19
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19But Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
Matthew 28:18-20
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18And Jesus coming, spoke to them, saying: All power is given to me in heaven and in earth.
19Going therefore, teach ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
20Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even to the consummation of the world.
CCC 555
¶555 For a moment Jesus discloses his divine glory, confirming Peter's confession. He also reveals that he will have to go by the way of the cross at Jerusalem in order to "enter into his glory". Moses and Elijah had seen God's glory on the Mountain; the Law and the Prophets had announced the Messiah's sufferings. Christ's Passion is the will of the Father: the Son acts as God's servant; the cloud indicates the presence of the Holy Spirit. "The whole Trinity appeared: the Father in the voice; the Son in the man; the Spirit in the shining cloud."

You were transfigured on the mountain, and your disciples, as much as they were capable of it, beheld your glory, O Christ our God, so that when they should see you crucified they would understand that your Passion was voluntary, and proclaim to the world that you truly are the splendor of the Father.

2 Corinthians 5:18-21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Christ; and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation.
19For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing to them their sins; and he hath placed in us the word of reconciliation.
20For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting by us. For Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.
21Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us, that we might be made the justice of God in him.
Numbers 21:8
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
8And the Lord said to him: Make brazen serpent, and set it up for a sign: whosoever being struck shall look on it, shall live.
John 19:37
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37And again another scripture saith: They shall look on him whom they pierced.
Zechariah 12:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.