Archive for the ‘Catholic’ Category

Communion Peek-a-boo

Sunday, August 30th, 2015

holy_eucharist1This whole interaction between God and Man, throughout all of scripture, with God walking with Adam in the garden in Eden, with God speaking to Moses through a burning bush, with God’s power present in to the Israelites in a pillar of fire and smoke, with God speaking like a whisper in the wind to Elijah, seems like a father playing peek-a-boo with a child.  Look at the delight of a baby or small child when you cover their eyes or yours asking, “Where’s daddy?”, then uncovering them and exclaiming “here’s daddy.”  The child quickly learns that this whole act of covering and uncovering is called Peek-a-boo, when you switch from saying, “where’s daddy – here’s daddy“, to saying simply “peek-a-boo”.  In this playful interaction parents teach their children motor skills and reinforce the parent’s identity through “face time”.  By that I mean, time spent looking at eachother, is time spent bonding.  This is a perfect example of what happens at Holy Communion.  God has externally covered His entire Self with the appearances of bread and wine so that, consuming Him, we may internaly discover His entire Self.  The entire Mass, and especially Communion can then be understood to be a bonding moment with Christ; face-time between God and His children.  Let us delight in Him!

 

I’m working on a book that covers the above material more fully.  Let me know if you find it interesting.

Prayer Life Journey

Saturday, November 22nd, 2014

Dream of the Two Columns PaintingThere is a decent parallel between Saint John Boso’s goodnight talk on the Two Pillars and Saint Therese of Avila’s Interior Mansions, which reinforces the point of view that the story is a parable.  In this case, the moral of the story would be to anchor one’s spiritual life to the Eucharist and Mary.  What is particularly interesting here is the journey amid obstacles and enemy forces.

 

 

 

 

 

Dream of the Two Columns

Seven Mansions

Enemy ships that try to sink the great ship First Mansions: A courtyard surrounding the castle, in which the venomous creatures of sin prowl.
The enemy ships throw exploding books and bombs ant the great ship.  The Pope uses all his strength to stay on course toward the two columns (Eucharist and Mary) Second Mansions: Temptations to the world and the flesh  – busy work seems importantFortifying resolve to stay on track
When the enemy’s weapons fail they take to hand to hand combat. Third Mansions:Threshold – full surrender to the Divine – or going back to relying on our own reason.
A favorable wind from the two columns (Eucharist and Mary) heals the hull of the ship, which continues on its way forward.The Pope is struck down and those around him help him up. Fourth Mansions:Decreased self relianceIncreased reliance on GodStriving gives way to graceFalling into God’s embrace with trust  – Leap of faith
The great ship is anchored to the two columns, First to the Eucharist and then to Mary Fifth Mansions:Union with God – betrothalMysterious spiritual union
Total disorder breaks out over the whole surface of the sea.  Remaining ships scatter  sink or scuttle themselves. Sixth Mansions:Courtship – Torn between affections from God and outside afflictions
The remaining ships make their way to the two columns.  A great calm covers the sea. Seventh Mansions:Clarity in prayer, Spiritual marriage

 

If you are interested in the prophetic aspects of Don Bosco’s Dream of the Two Columns, then you will enjoy reading my book Dream of the Great Ship.

Finding the Child Jesus

Monday, November 4th, 2013

Jesus at the Temple - by Brian Jekel

Jesus at the Temple
– by Brian Jekel

Losing, searching and discovering Jesus as a child parallels the Crucifixion, burial, Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus as an adult. Looking at the stories in the first two chapters of Luke in the order given we can see that they all are about prophecy and fulfillment. The first chapter is about announcing the births of John and Jesus before their conception. The canticles of Mary and Zechariah praise God for remembering his holy people and delivering them. Through the whole second chapter of Luke we see in the birth of Jesus, the visit of the shepherds, and the presentation of Jesus in the temple, that these sequential scripture passages identify Jesus as the messiah and foretell of things to come[1]. So when it comes to the story of Jesus lost and found (Luke 2:41-52) we should expect it to be just as foretelling.

These are the similarities and contrasts between the Joyful Mystery of finding the child Jesus in the temple compared in part to the Sorrowful Mystery of the Crucifixion but mostly compared to the Glorious Mysteries of the Resurrection and Ascension:

  • The setting is the preparation for the paschal feast (Luke 2:41, Luke 22:1).
  • At the completion of the Passover the absence of the boy Jesus is not noticed(Luke 2:43). At the completion of Passover the death of Jesus is heavily bereaved (Luke 23:48).
  • In both accounts Jesus is missing for three days.
  • Mary and Joseph look for the boy Jesus among their caravan for an entire day but end up returning to Jerusalem (Luke 2:44-45) while the women of Jerusalem, after one day, come to the tomb looking to anoint the body of Jesus only to return to the disciples with the news that He is missing (Luke 24:1-9).
  • After three days Mary and Joseph find young Jesus sitting in the midst of the teachers (Luke 2:46). On the third day Jesus appears in the midst of the disciples behind locked doors(Luke 24:36).
  • The teachers, Mary and Joseph are all astounded at the actions and words of the Child Jesus (Luke 2:47-48). The disciples and the women of Jerusalem are all terrified, troubled and incredulous (Luke 24:38-43).
  • Mary and Joseph do not understand what the boy Jesus means(Luke 2:50). Jesus teaches the disciples, explaining the law and the prophets to them concerning the messiah’s mission to suffer, die and rise (Luke 24:45-58).
  • The epilogue describes young Jesus growing in wisdom and favor with Mary keeping the experience in her heart, whereas the epilogue of the Ascension describes the disciples continually in the temple praising God.
Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
  1. Jesus said that no sign would be given the doubting generation except that of the sign of Jonah, implying that just as Jonah spent three days swallowed up in the belly of a great fish, so too would the son of man spend three days swallowed up in the belly of the earth; His grave (Luke 11:29-30). Therefore, the three days Jesus body lay in the tomb are a sign. []

Jesus vs. Superman

Monday, October 28th, 2013

Jesus vs SupermanI have often thought, however unintentional and coincidental, that the image of the super hero caught between daily and heroic garb, such as Klark Kent revealing Superman, has striking similarities to the image of Jesus exposing His Sacred Heart. In both images we see the true passion of the man beneath a veiled exterior. Both images use color, light and symbols to express the depth of their subjects inner passion.

Superman-Origin-BannerFor Klark the true man is a pairing of journalist and other-world-ness. He is one person with two identities. The mild mannered Klark, often overlooked, must be pulled aside to show us the secret truth, seldom seen, of the bold impervious man from another planet in the heavens. Even the colors of his super uniform reveal something of his identity. He bears a blood red S on his chest superimposing a background as golden as the fiery sun that gives him strength, and enveloped in cool sky blue much like his new home planet Earth. The S we have taken to mean Super but are told in the versions of the story that it means peace.

the-sacred-heart-french-school (1)For Jesus the true man is a union of human and divine. He is one person with two natures. The humble and meek carpenter, teacher, healer and prophet must not be pulled aside but rather remains in full view while His Heart is revealed to show us the secret truth, seldom appreciated, of His burning divine passion for us. The colors in this image of Christ are the primary colors of the painting palette, perhaps intentionally to show the primacy of the Word made flesh who was in the beginning before all things; prime.

Sacred Heart of JesusIn some images of the Sacred Heart of Jesus His blood red heart is illuminated with divine light that is more radiant than the pure white of his tunic, and rages with the fire of an eternal lamp that, like the bush through which God called to Moses, burns but is not consumed. His Heart is crowned with the thorns of mockery reminding us of the wounds He endured for love of us.

The image of Jesus’ Sacred Heart has been recreated many, many times as devotion matures from age to age. Sometimes the colors used are remarkably similar to the pop icons of Superman from comics and movies. Take for instance the image two paragraphs above where Jesus’ tunic is blue.

Google search results of Sacred Heart

Google search results of Sacred Heart

These similarities are an unintentional result of artists working at similar themes of revealing identity, nature and secret passion yet comic and film artists have, on other occasions, intentionally drawn upon preceding Christian masterworks… but that is a topic for another blog.

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.

God Is Love – Count on it

Sunday, March 31st, 2013

Saint John tells us that God is love (1 John 4:8). While he tells us this so that we are enabled to discern who belongs to God, we can also learn something of the nature of God. I’m going to do something that is often frowned upon in scripture interpretation; I’m going to apply a modern sensibility to John’s words. I’m going to look at John’s phrase, “God is love” the way I would evaluate a statement as a programmer and then I’m going to consider the fruitfulness of the result.

God is love can be expressed as God = Love. Is that what John meant; that there is an equality between God and love? Let’s take a look at a simple math problem and see if there is anything that fits with what John is saying. Let’s look at N=1. We do not know if the statement is true but let us, for the sake of this argument, say that it is true. What then, do we know about N=1? To answer that we need to define what 1 is; what we know about the number one. Well, one is an integer – meaning that it can be written without a decimal or fractional, which means that one is a whole or untouched number. One is also a natural number; that is, it is used for counting. In fact, one is the natural beginning of natural counting. One is the building block of all positive integers and as such, merits its own existence axiom in Peano’s axioms. One is the only multiplicative identity for all numbers; that is, one times any number is that number. One is the only perfect nth power for all positive integers. One is the only positive integer with exactly one positive divisor; itself. Simply summarized, one is a very unique number.

By the way, if any of these descriptions sound familiar, it may be because they also describe some of what we know about God. God is one God, not divisible even though there are three persons of the Holy Trinity. God, and in particular Jesus, is the one by whom all things are measured (Colossians 1:18-19). God is the one from whom all things came. He dwells in all of us (1 Corinthians 3:6-17). God is sufficient for His own being[1]. God is the Holiest of holies, unique in uniqueness, singularly singular (Deuteronomy 6:4-5).

The Number One God the Father
a whole or untouched number, not divisible by anything but itself God is one God, not divisible even though there are three persons of the Holy Trinity
natural beginning of natural counting the one by whom all things are measured
the building block of all positive integers the one from whom all things came
merits its own existence axiom sufficient for His own being
the only multiplicative identity for all numbers dwells in all of us
one is a very unique number God is the Holiest of holies, unique in uniqueness, singularly singular

Now back to the number one – that’s a lot we can say about the number one. All these things we know about the number one, if the equation is true, we also know about the variable N, because N=1. Now, by the communicative property of mathematics, not only is N equal to one, but one is also equal to N, even though N and one may not be exactly the same. For instance, consider these expressions: 1=1, (1/1)=1, (1×1)=1, 11=1 (144,000/144,000)=1. … etc.

I can substitute 1 for anything on the left hand side of these equations and the equation will still be true. ‘N’ may be any of these expressions, which only differs in the way it is written; that is to say N is reducible to 1, such that the equation could read 1=1. Does that matter to a programmer? Yes, marginally – at least to me. There is always the elegance of the expression and the leanness of code to consider. Now, how to apply this sensibility to the expression God=Love.

Well, what do we know about love? More specifically, what does the New Testament tell us about love? From 1 Corinthians 13:4-13 we can write these equations (!= means not equal).

Love = Patience
Love = Kindness
Love != Jealous
Love != Pompous
Love != Inflated
Love != Rude
Love != Self seeking
Love != Quick tempered
Love != Brood over injury
Love != Rejoice over wrong doing
Love = Rejoicing with truth
Love = bears all things
Love = Believes all things
Love = Hopes all things
Love = Endures all things
Love != Failing
Love > Hope
Love > Faith

John 3:16 gives us the equation Love=Sacrifice.

I can substitute God for anything on the left hand side of these equations and the equations will still be true. It even works for the set of faith, hope and love if you compare the Holy Spirit with Faith ( 1 Corinthians 12:7-11, ), and Jesus with Hope (Matthew 12:21, Luke 24:21, Ephesians 1:12), and the father with Love (1 John 3:1, John 3:16, Regarding love greater than faith – John 14:28). In fact, these three virtues are called the Theological Virtues and are often referred to as a trinity. I have seen the Holy Trinity expressed like a Venn diagram with circles intertwining, overlapping and sometimes artistically designed with intricate weaving, or simplistically as one unbroken line or Mobius strip ( a single-sided object). Yet, I think the most accurate way to diagram the trinity of virtues or the Holy Trinity is to include their proper names in a single circle. If we want to be artistic, we can add some symbols to express each of the three persons.

Just as in describing the number one we came to understand N, so too in describing love we come to understand God. Do we understand everything about God? Nowhere near, and I imagine that we don’t understand everything about love either. But I tell you what; if you want to understand God better, endeavor to understand love better. And if you want to understand love, then love. God is the one who is (Exodus 3:14). And so love is in loving.

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
  1. Aquinas’ proof of God’s existence from sufficient or efficient cause []

Immaculate Conception of Mary as Prevenient Grace

Saturday, December 8th, 2012

Prevenient Grace, which term the priest spoke today during the prayer over the offerings, is the same as Preventing Grace, and in this instance, relates to the singular grace that Mary received in being conceived without original sin.

Prevenient or Preventing Grace is that grace which God gives without the consent or cooperation of man for the sake of man’s well being. It is a grace necessary in order to motivate us to respond to God, which is another kind of grace: Concomitant Grace. Preventing Grace can be a good thought or inclination to do a good act that leads to heaven while Co-operating Grace is the assistance given by God to complete the good work. Preventing Grace may be likened to the impulse or contrition to give a good confession, and Co-operating Grace may be likened to the help given in making the good confession and doing the prescribed penance.

So what does this have to do with Mary? That singular gift which Mary received in being conceived without original sin so that the savior could be born of a woman free from sin, was given prior to her existence or at the moment of her conception – and so without her cooperation – for the sake of all mankind (Prevenient Grace). That grace led to another grace which inspired and enabled Mary to accept the will of God in all things (Concomitant Grace) and remain sinless. This is like grace begetting grace and confirms what Mary says in her canticle; that her soul magnifies the Lord (not to confuse Mary’s Immaculate Conception with the conception of our Lord).

Luke 1:46-55
46And Mary said: My soul doth magnify the Lord.
47And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.
48Because he hath regarded the humility of his handmaid; for behold from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.
49Because he that is mighty, hath done great things to me; and holy is his name.
50And his mercy is from generation unto generations, to them that fear him.
51He hath shewed might in his arm: he hath scattered the proud in the conceit of their heart.
52He hath put down the mighty from their seat, and hath exalted the humble.
53He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
54He hath received Israel his servant, being mindful of his mercy:
55As he spoke to our fathers, to Abraham and to his seed for ever.

In this canticle Mary recognizes that the Lord has ‘remembered’ His promise to Israel, and that Prevenient Grace of Mary’s Immaculate Conception is the grace that goes before her, beginning the fulfillment of God’s promise in rescuing the Church (Israel) from sin.

Sources:
Modern Catholic Dictionary – John A. Hardon, S.J., pp119, 437

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.

Most Holy Eucharist

Wednesday, November 21st, 2012

It has been called[1], Bread of Angels, Bread from Heaven, The Breaking of Bread, The Lord’s Supper, Wedding Feast of the Lamb, Memorial, Sacrifice of Praise, Spiritual Sacrifice, Pure- Holy- Perfect- and Acceptable Sacrifice, Holy Mass, Holy Eucharist, Holy and Divine Liturgy, Holy Communion, True Presence, Most Blessed Sacrament, Sacrament of Sacraments, Medicine of Immortality, Mass of all Ages, Sign of Hope, Viaticum, and Sacred Mystery. It contains all sweetness and inexhaustible richness. It proclaims God’s works of creation, redemption and sanctification. It unites believers and condemns the undiscerning and sacrilegious. It calls all men, receives many, and obliges and assembles Christians. It abridges and sums up all the faith of the Church, enables participation in divine life, and gives a foretaste of the resurrection. It heals, forgives, delivers and preserves from sin. It increases the grace of Baptism and union with Christ, and strengthens spiritual life. It is the center, source, summit and securer, of Christian life. Like the breath of life to man, without the Eucharist, the Church simply would not be.

There are no human words that can give hope to man for his desire to fully explain and fully express, with any sense of justice, just how wondrous and wonderful is this gift of God’s Grace in the the Holy of Holies; the Eucharist of Christ. The moment we think we understand the Eucharist is the moment to recognize that we don’t understand the Eucharist[2]; for it is outside of our mind’s grasp to fully comprehend its majesty, yet within our physical reach to receive Him daily. As perplexing as Christ’s Passion, that he truly wanted to die for us, such is the Eucharist. As remarkable as the Christ’s resurrection, that a mortal – a man – raised, by His own power, from the dead, such is the Eucharist. Acknowledging all that is wondrous and inexplicable about the Eucharist, the fathers and doctors of the Church have nevertheless given us a wealth of information to help enrich our poor understanding.

Let us begin with the beginning; the institution of the Eucharist. Christ instituted the Eucharist at the Last Supper when He took bread and wine, offered them up to the Father and called them His Body and His Blood.

While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, “Take and eat; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, from now on I shall not drink this fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.” ~ Matthew 26:26-29

Four Aspects of the Eucharist
Although there are many names for the Eucharist, titles which express specific qualities of the Eucharist, all of these titles may be categorized beneath four attributes or aspects. All at once, the Eucharist is Communal Meal, True Presence, Sacrifice, and Sacrament. Each of these attributes is clearly distinguished in Christ words at the Last Supper. Communal meal: “Take this all of you and eat of it.” True Presence: “This is my Body/Blood.” Sacrifice: “…given up for you and for many.” Sacrament: “…for the forgiveness of sins.” Let’s look at each of these in more detail and, to make the most sense of it, let us rearrange the order a bit.

1. Sacrifice
All Christians, no matter how separated they are from the Catholic Church, would acknowledge that Christ gave himself as a sacrifice. That offering was made explicit at the Last Supper and on the Cross, uniting what we might perceive as two events, into one event. After offering the cup to His disciples, Christ promised that He would not drink of it again until it was made new in the kingdom of heaven. Then, in the Garden of Gethsemane, He repeatedly asked His Father to let the Cup pass Him by and then acquiesced to do the will of the Father, meaning he would yet drink of it. A centurion raised up to Him a sponge soaked in wine and gall, which Jesus tasted and rejected. Jesus’ last words before He died were, “It is finished.” It was the Cup of the Supper of the Lamb, the paschal lamb of Passover, and the last supper of Christ that was completed in this last act of Christ; the cup that He promised he would drink and make new. Here he is on the cross making the covenant new and making the wine of the paschal sacrifice new. All the other sacrifices of animals that had sealed the old covenant were imperfect and had to be continually sacrificed but Jesus is the perfect sacrifice under the new covenant and is sacrificed once for all. Each time we celebrate Mass it is a continuation of the same one sacrifice of Christ made present to us, or re-presented. In the mass, Christ is both, the sacrifice-r or priest, the one who offers up the sacrifice, and He is also the sacrifice itself because He freely offered Himself. The priest represents on earth the one who in heaven is the priest; Christ.

2. Sacrament
A Sacrament has been defined as an outward sign of an inward grace instituted by Christ. In the case of the Eucharist there are two signs; bread and wine. Necessary for the sacrament and intrinsic to the signs are the words of Christ spoken by the priest. The sign of bread calls to mind eating while the sign of wine calls to mind drinking, and both signs together embrace the idea of refreshment and nourishment. This is why when we receive we must receive enough to swallow, as both eating and drinking require swallowing or ingesting and this is what Christ commanded. The words spoken by the priest are the words of Christ and they call to mind Christ’s command to do this in memory of Him.

For bread to be confected, it must be wheaten bread (panis triticeus). Regarding gluten, the wheat need contain only enough to confect bread. For those of you who are interested, the Benedictine Sisters of Perpetual Adoration have found a way to prepare an ultra-low gluten wheat bread that still bakes and has ecclesial approval for consecration (see port on Catholic Celiac Conundrum for more on gluten free hosts). What matters is that both the essence of bread and the essence of wheat be present for valid matter to be consecrated. The bread may be unleavened as is the tradition of the Latin Rite, or leavened as is the tradition of the Eastern Rite.

For wine be valid it must be fermented from grapes. It must not be extracted juice or artificial wine. In the Latin Rite, water is added to the wine to represent the resurrection by showing the rejoining of the signs of water and blood which flowed from Christ’s side after death.

For the English words to effect consecration they must be in the following form containing all these words and in this order, “this is my Body,” and “this is the chalice of my blood.”

– Principal Effects of the Eucharist
There are two principal effects of the sacrament of the Eucharist: The first is union with Christ by love and the second is the spiritual nourishment of the soul.

– Union by love:
In the Sacrament of The Holy Eucharist, the inward grace is unity with Christ, not by reception of the host but by the virtue of Christ’s love. Jesus said, “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him.” ~ John 6:57 Some translations read ‘abides in me’ rather than ‘remains in me.’ Also by this union Christ pledges to resurrect us. “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day.” John 6:55

– Nourishment of the soul:
In this sacrament, the grace is what the sign signifies. That is, this sacrament is food for the soul. Not only are we forgiven for venial sins in this sacrament of sacraments but we are preserved from mortal sin and enabled to commune with the one who is forgiving us. Just as food increases strength in the body, so too does the Eucharist increase Sanctifying Grace in the soul of those properly disposed to receive. Just as food avails nothing to a corpse and much for a living body, so too the Eucharist avails nothing to those in the state of mortal sin but much for those in the state of grace. Just as food and drink delight the heart of man, so too does the Eucharist enrich the soul of man enabling and encouraging him to perform the duties of his state in life and a willing fervor for Christ and His Church.

3. True Presence
At the moment when Christ pronounced bread and wine to be His Body and Blood, the bread and wine ceased to be bread and wine, and became The Body and Blood of Christ. Only the signs of bread and wine remained. This is important so I’ll reiterate and place the priest in the person of Christ. At the moment when the priest pronounces the words of Christ, that the bread and wine are His Body and His Blood, the bread and wine cease to be bread and wine. At that moment they become The Body and Blood of Christ. Only the signs of bread and wine remain.

The Church has named the action of this change Transubstantiation.

Transubstantiation may seem like a long and strange word but it is actually made up of familiar parts of words. ‘Trans’ means change and ‘substan’ means substance. Think of all the words you know that begin with ‘trans’ and end with something else. Transfer means to change hands. Transform means to change form (or nature) as in water becoming wine or stones becoming bread. Transfigure means to change figure (or appearance) as Christ did on the Mount of Olives. So transubstantiation means a change of substance.

So what do we mean by substance? And how does substance differ from the signs? Sometimes the signs are called appearances or more accurately they are called accidents. In philosophical parlance, accidents and substance are distinguished from each other. Try this exercise. Close your eyes and think of bread and wine. Can you picture bread and wine? What do they smell like? What do they taste like? How heavy are they? What sound does it make as you drink it or bite into it? What does consuming them feel like? What effect does bread and wine have on your body? OK, now open your eyes. The image you had of bread and wine, the thoughts that you had of bread and wine, they are all ideas and memories of bread and wine. They are all referring to the accidents or appearances of bread and wine. When you were thinking about the bread and wine, they did not come into existence because people don’t have the power to bring things into existence by thinking about them. That’s because ideas have no substance. This is one way we can understand substance; as being the opposite of ideas.

Substance then, is the stuff that upholds the accidents. Substance is the foundation for the accidents such that bread looks like bread, tastes like bread, smells like bread etc. It also means that bread acts and interacts like bread and its constituent parts. It’s the same with wine or any other ordinary thing that we can experience. More than this, substance is purely a thing’s being: what a thing is.

The difficulty in making the distinction between accidents and substance is that we ordinarily experience them together. Yet this distinction may help us to understand which aspects of the Eucharist, under ordinary circumstances, might be considered a miracle. The Eucharist itself is, strictly speaking in philosophical terms, and in ordinary circumstances, not a miracle. A miracle requires that an effect be sensibly perceptible. In the case of the Eucharist, there is a change of substance that is not, in almost all cases, perceptible. Additionally, a miracle requires that the effect surpass the powers of visible nature. The presence of Christ’s Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity are natural to Christ’s being and so, according to Saint Thomas Aquinas, the Eucharist, under ordinary circumstances, cannot properly be called a miracle on that basis. However, the fact that the appearances of bread and wine remain even after their substance is gone is not natural and so the appearances are supernaturally sustained and perceptible, and that may be argued to constitute a miracle. We will have more on the Eucharist and miracles later.

This is a whole lot of philosophical words to explain something which can be said with words of beauty instead of words meant for preciseness, acknowledging that each has its place and contributes to the Church’s understanding valuably. We sometimes say that in the Eucharist, Christ is veiled. This is the reason why we sometimes see a veil draped over the tabernacle where the Eucharist reposes. This poetic description harkens to biblical passages about the face of God hidden by clouds of mist, and it reminds us that knowledge of Jesus as Christ and as Son of God is something we know not on our own but by revelation; that is, the Father and the Holy Spirit testify to it so that we can know Him. “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father. …” ~ Matthew 16:17

Additionally, the Church teaches us that because Christ is raised and living, Jesus must be present in the Holy Eucharist in His entirety. For body without blood, or blood without body, and body and blood without soul, would be dead. Furthermore, because Christ is inseparably both human and divine, wherever Christ’s Body is, so too must His Divinity also be. That means that in the Eucharist He is there in His Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity, under either or both signs and no matter how small the signs may be fractioned.

Now, Transubstantiation does not explain how the change takes place, it only defines what change has taken place. How it happens is a mystery to saints and angels. Even the angels rely on the Church to explain this mystery and the Church in turn must have it revealed by God. The closest that the Church gets to explaining how bread and wine are changed into Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ is that it happens by the power of the Holy Spirit. The fact that the persons of the Trinity have left the answer to how transubstantiation occurs a mystery, necessarily requires us to trust the Church and Christ’s teaching; that is God has made believing in the true presence of Christ in the Eucharist a matter not so much of the mind but of the heart, a matter not so much of reason but more a matter of faith.

In John chapter 6, we have an excellent example of the harmony between reason and faith and the superiority of faith over reason, on precisely this topic of the true presence of Christ in the Eucharist.

Read John 6:22-69

Jesus has taught that those who would have the eternal life that He offers must truly eat His flesh and Blood, and that His Flesh is true food and His Blood true drink. When the disciples question Jesus about how difficult this teaching is to accept, Jesus allows many to leave Him rather than make any clarifications on the matter. This leaves us to the understanding that when Jesus said that His body is bread and that He is the true Bread from Heaven, and that we must eat of this bread that is Jesus, that He really meant it in a literal sense. Peter shows us how much it is a matter of faith by telling us that this is a hard saying but also that there is no greater appeal than Jesus, saying to Him, “Where else shall we go, you have the words of eternal life.” This is a statement that is close to what the centurion said to Jesus, that His word was sufficient, that he believed that whatever Jesus commanded would be carried out the way a commander’s word is carried out by his soldiers. Peter is not throwing up his hands and resigning himself… sort of saying ‘whatever you say Lord,’ but rather he is resolving, fortifying His trust in Christ by saying, ‘what you have said is life to us.’

4. Communal Meal
There is a sharing of bread and wine and more importantly of sacrament, sacrifice and true presence. If a simple meal with ordinary food brings together families, giving them identity through their customs, then how much more would a supernatural meal unite believers and sanctify them as one people of God? Think of the way that American families have traditionally valued the dinner meal because the individual members of the family, though they each have their duties and responsibilities during the day, come together as a single unit at supper time. Children set aside their play and their homework and parents close the door on their businesses, so they can be together. Now think of a meal like Thanksgiving (BTW, Eucharist means thanks giving because Jesus gave thanks at the Last Supper). How much more does a meal like Thanksgiving bring together extended family? Grown children return from college, aunts and uncles travel from out of state, each so they can join in celebration. Now, if that is how it is on a natural level between ordinary human children and parents, then how much more joyful and uniting must a celebration be between children of God and God their Father?

Now this is important to understand, that the communion in this meal is not just between and among men, and not just between and among earthly believers but also between and among heavenly believers (Revelation 4:1-11). Each time we participate in the Mass we are united to the angels and saints, through the Communion of Saints and by the sharing of the Most Holy Sacrament. So man is united man-to-man, and man is united man-to-saint, and man is united man-to-angel, and much more than that, man is united man-to-God.

By actively participating in the Holy Mass and by receiving the Eucharist, each member of the Church is professing and affirming that he or she believes all that the Catholic Church teaches about the Eucharist; namely, that it is the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ. By sharing this one Holy Bread and one Holy Wine the Church is united in one Holy Faith. By receiving Christ Himself, each member of the Church is united with God by love.

On the humility of Christ as evidenced in the Eucharist
But before we get to Q and A, there is just one more topic about the Eucharist that can speak less to our heads and more to our hearts. I am speaking about the humility of Christ as evidenced in the Eucharist.

When the second person of the Holy Trinity became man, He took on human nature and form, it was condescension, meaning with descent. Think about how far above us heaven is and how perfect God must be. For Him to come down and become man cannot be likened to any measure of time or space. There is no mountain high enough and no valley low enough, no height, no depth, no width, no breadth, not even the greatness of the universe that can illustrate how far different God is than man. Yet as great a difference between God and man, it is even a greater meekness and humility to appear to us in the likeness of bread and wine.

Man is, according to scripture, a little less than the angels. Man has dominion over animals, plants and minerals. To man these things are goods to be used for the glory of God and the benefit of man in obtaining salvation. Yet in the Eucharist, Jesus has chosen to appear, not as man but as one of his goods. And not just wheat and grapes but wheat sifted, ground, kneaded and baked, and grapes picked and crushed, fermented and poured out – just as Jesus was chosen by the Father, anointed and then crushed and bruised, His Blood poured out for our sakes.

But he was pierced for our sins, crushed for our iniquity. He bore the punishment that makes us whole, by his wounds we were healed. ~ Isaiah 53:5

His humility is even greater than this, for while peasant and king came to worship Him as a child, so too do people of all nations and races, both poor and rich receive Him in the Eucharist. Jesus is so humble that he permits His priests to say the words of consecration whenever they will.

For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord until he comes. ~ 1 Corinthians 11:26

Imagine that!… the God of the universe comes to us when we chose!!

A True Eucharistic Miracle Story
Let us close with a story about a Eucharistic Miracle. Our story is true. It took place in the eighth century in Lanciano Italy during Mass presided by a monk priest who was having doubts about the true presence of Christ in the Eucharist. After pronouncing the words of consecration, while he was looking at the host, it changed substance and appearance right in front of his eyes. He saw the host became a living piece of flesh and the wine become blood, which coagulated into five drops.

There is a document kept at Lanciano Italy recording the events. Here is a portion:

“Frightened and confused by so great and so stupendous a miracle, he stood quite a while as if transported in a divine ecstasy; but finally, as fear yielded to the spiritual joy which filled his soul with a happy face, even though bathed with tears, having turned to the bystanders, he thus spoke to them: `O fortunate witnesses to whom the Blessed God, to confound my unbelief, has wished to reveal Himself in this Most Blessed Sacrament and to render Himself visible to our eyes. Come Brethren, and marvel at our God so close to us. Behold the Flesh and the Blood of our Most Beloved Christ.’”

The people ran to the altar and cried for mercy. The report of what had happened spread rapidly and many people began to make pilgrimage to Lanciano. Now, about thirteen hundred years later, that same Eucharistic miracle is still present at Lanciano. In the nineteen-seventies, it was examined by a group of scientists, who after many tests, came to these conclusions:

  • The five globules contained in the reliquary, when weighed either separately or together, totaled the same weight: 15.85 grammes.
  • The Flesh is real flesh. The Blood is real Blood.
  • The Flesh and the Blood belong to the human species.
  • The Flesh consists of the muscular tissue of the heart.
  • In the Flesh we see present in section: the myocardium, the endocardium, the vagus nerve and also the left ventricle of the heart for the large thickness of the myocardium.
  • In the Blood there were found proteins in the same normal proportions (percentage-wise) as are found in the sero-proteic make-up of fresh normal blood.
  • In the Blood there were also found these minerals: chlorides, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium and calcium.
  • The Flesh and the Blood have the same blood-type: AB (The blood-type identical to that which Prof. Baima Bollone uncovered in the Holy Shroud of Turin)
  • The preservation of the Flesh and of the Blood, which were left in their natural state for twelve centuries and exposed to the action of atmospheric and biological agents, remains an extraordinary phenomenon.

This is perhaps the grandfather of Eucharistic miracles but is by no means the only one. The Vatican has approved and verified almost one-hundred and sixty Eucharistic miracles mainly in Europe but also elsewhere in the world including, Austria, Belgium, Caribbean Island of Martinique, Columbia, Croatia, , Egypt, France, Germany, India, Island of La Réunion, Netherlands, Perù, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland.

The many Eucharistic miracles of Europe inspired the Church, in 1264, to institute the great Feast of Corpus Christi, with its beautiful processions, where the Living God of the Holy Eucharist is triumphantly carried on the streets.

These miracles are evidence in both substance and appearance and are given for the purpose of aiding our belief. The apostles saw and did incredible things, like healings and resurrections. They believed since the beginning with Christ, that the bread and wine were changed into Christ Himself and the Church has taken centuries to define this understanding. But none of these apostles or the earlier Church Fathers saw what we can see in these miracles, and yet they believed. If they who have not seen believed, how much more ought we who can see believe?

Sources:
Scott Hahn: The Fourth Cup
Catechism of the Catholic Church – What is this sacrament called?
New Advent – Extraordinary element in the Eucharist
New Advent – Blessed Eucharist as Sacrament
Real presence – The Eucharistic Miracles of the World
Real Presence – Lanciano 750 A.D. (Part 1) pdf
Real Presence – Lanciano 750 A.D. (Part 2) pdf

Luke 11:29-30
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29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
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41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
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41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
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1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
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43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
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48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
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44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
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1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
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46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
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36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
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47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
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38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
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50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
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45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
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8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
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18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
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6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
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4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
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4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
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7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
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21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
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21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
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12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
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1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
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28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
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14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
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26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
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57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
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55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
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17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
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22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
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1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
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5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
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26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
  1. CCC 1332-1338 []
  2. cf: JPII quotes Augustine on the inefability of God []

Parable of the Two Sons

Saturday, August 25th, 2012

Carl Bloch, 1890

The degree to which we receive Christ, His mission, His word, His covenant, His peace and His command is important since our commitment to Him will determine our actions. That is, what we say should be the same as what we do. There are four ways to respond to Christ. Two of them are mentioned in the parable of the Two Sons in the twenty-first chapter of Matthew. The other two we can deduce. Let’s look at Matthew.

Matthew 21:28-32
28But what think you? A certain man had two sons; and coming to the first, he said: Son, go work today in my vineyard.
29And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved with repentance, he went.
30And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he answering, said: I go, Sir; and he went not.
31Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you, that the publicans and the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
32For John came to you in the way of justice, and you did not believe him. But the publicans and the harlots believed him: but you, seeing it, did not even afterwards repent, that you might believe him.

Here we have two possibilities: to say no but do yes, and to say yes but do no. There are also two more possibilities, to say no and do no, and to say yes and do yes.

Say No/ Do No
The one who said no and did no is Lucifer, the enemy and the accuser. In tradition the Latin phrase, Non Serviam, I will not serve, is attributed to Satan. He is the one in Isaiah 14:13 who said, “I will scale the heavens above the stars of God and set up my throne,” and yet he is thrust down to the depths of the pit. Even so, there are legitimate times to say no, such as when you are getting burnt out or over extended. One must also consider his vocation. A husband and father of seven kids is needed at home.

Say Yes/Do No
To say yes but to do otherwise is to do your own will and not to do the will of God. Judas said yes and followed Christ in the inner circle of apostles and yet he is the one who betrayed Christ and is the one who served himself at the same time that Christ was serving others at the Last Supper.

Say No/ Do Yes
We have already seen in the Parable of the Two Sons that those who repent of their selfish ways and do good works are true sons. Jesus teaches this explicitly in Mark 3:35
“…Whoever does the will of God is my brother and sister and mother.”

Say Yes/ Do Yes
We can certainly say that Jesus is the good son since He speaks and does the will of His Father. Yet there is another who embodies the perfection of all grace, one who received God’s word, agreed to it and remains sinless. I am speaking of our Blessed Mother, Immaculate and Most Holy Mary. She is the one who received the word of God and gave her fiat; she said yes. She said, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord. May it be done to me according to your word.” Mary gave her entire self to God and God gave His entire self to us. The way that salvation came to us is through a young girl who reserved nothing. What a great example of how we ought to give.

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.

Works of Mercy Body and Soul

Thursday, August 16th, 2012
New Jerusalem

New Jerusalem by Gustave Dore

The corporal works of mercy are expressed in the gospels in the section titled Judgment of the Nations (Matthew 25:31-36). Jesus explained the final judgment in what is often referred to as a parable but which is closer to a metaphor. The Spiritual works of mercy are like the Corporal works but they attend to the spirit rather than the body. There is a parallel between the two.

 

 

Corporal works of mercy The spiritual works of mercy
• Feed the hungry • Instruct the ignorant
• Give drink to the thirsty • Counsel the doubtful
• Clothe the naked • Admonish sinners
• Harbour the harbourless • Bear wrongs patiently
• Visit the sick • Forgive offences willingly
• Ransom captives • Comfort the afflicted
• Bury the dead • Pray for the living and dead

– Instructing the ignorant or catechizing is like feeding the hungry because God’s word is food for the soul. Recall how Jesus three times asked Peter to “feed my sheep,” this applies to both the liturgy of the Eucharist, which is actual food for the body and soul, and the liturgy of the word, which is food for the heart and mind.

– Council is like water for the soul; refreshing and renewing the person who drinks it.

– Admonishing sinners is like clothing the naked because in sin we are robbed of our robe of innocence as Adam and Eve were. Recall that in their sin they discovered they were naked (Genesis 3:7).

– Bearing wrongs with patience shelters Christ in your heart. Recall that Jesus had said during His ministry, “the foxes have holes and the birds their nets but the Son of Man has nowhere to rest His head.” (Matthew 8:20 , Luke 9:58)

– Forgiving offenses heals those wounded by their transgressions.

– To give comfort is to rescue those who feel imprisoned by suffering.

– Prayer for the dead expiates sins and moves the poor and holy souls closer to their final rest, like burying the dead.

It would be mistake to think that that the only thing that matters in Christian action is whether or not the hungry are fed, the homeless are sheltered, and the naked clothed. Rather it is important, if not equally important, to feed, shelter and cloth the soul with love. If you ask a hungry person what mattered most to him/her when receiving charity, you may find some who are satisfied when their bellies are full but I imagine most feel truly satisfied when they see the eyes of Christ in the faces and actions of others. That’s because the things of the body help us to discover the things of the spirit. And what the body is, the soul is in magnification. The soul knows a hunger that the flesh cannot claim to match. Food staves hunger, water quenches thirst, and shelter protects the body, but who staves, quenches and protects the soul? The only thing that satisfies the soul is its true mate, Jesus. As Saint Augustine said, “Our hearts are restless oh Lord until they rest in thee.”

Note: This posting occurs on the Solemnity of the Assumption of Mary, who is the archetype of the Church and Sign of Hope. For this reason I have chosen to use the image of the New Jerusalem, which is also the Church Triumphant after the Judgement (of the nations).

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:31-36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
31And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
32And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:
33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
35For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in:
36Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
Genesis 3:7
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons.
Matthew 8:20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
20And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Luke 9:58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
58Jesus said to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.

Faith Phrases Q and A

Thursday, June 21st, 2012

Borrowed from another blog: link page bottom

Mustard seed
Q. The mustard seed is not he smallest of all seeds nor is it the smallest of the seeds in Palestine. Similarly, the mustard bush is not he largest of bushes nor is it the largest of bushes in Palestine. So why would Jesus use these phrases, “smallest of seeds” and “largest of trees?”

A. It’s an illustration of potency. For a small thing to become large it must have great potential. Jesus is using the mustard seed, which is a well known part of the culture, to illustrate a facet of the Church. The Church begins small and potent, and grows large and actively shelters. It is interesting to note in this parable that it is not the fruit of this bush or its greens that proves its value, as in other parables or as in the Genesis creation accounts, but rather the sheer size of the bush.

World without end
Q. At the end of the Glory be we say “world without end,” how does this fit knowing that the world will pass away (Matthew 24:35)?

A. The world in this case is not the Earth or even the heavens but the Kingdom of God, Christ’s everlasting and all encompassing dominion. It is Christ’s authority, power and glory which have no boundary. Not even time can contain it since He created all things and came before or outside all things, including time.

Rose again
Q. In the creed, why do we say Jesus rose again when he died once for all and was resurrected once for all?

A. Death is poetically referred to as a sleep. From death Jesus rose as if from sleep, rising as one does every day of one’s life, therefore He rose again. One might also say He rose to life since one awakens to life each day that one is given. I wrote about the sleep of death once in the Catholic Answers forums and some misunderstood me to say that Jesus didn’t really die. No. This is NOT what I am saying and it is not what scripture or the Church teaches. Christ died – really and truly died – and Christ rose from the dead – really and truly resurrected. It is not wrong to refer to death as a sleep, Jesus did as much Himself (Luke 8:52-56 Mark 5:38-43 John 11:11-14). Scripture calls death a sleep more than forty times (Psalm 13:4).

Death as Sleep:

Deuteronomy 31:16

1 Kings 2:10

1 Kings 11:43

1 Kings 11:21

1 Kings 14:20

1 Kings 14:31

1 Kings 15:8

1 Kings 15:24

1 Kings 16:6

1 Kings 16:28

1 Kings 22:40

2 Kings 8:24

2 Kings 10:35

2 Kings 13:9

2 Kings 13:13

2 Kings 14:16

2 Kings 14:22

2 Kings 14:29

2 Kings 15:7

2 Kings 15:22

2 Kings 15:38

2 Kings 16:20

2 Kings 20:21

2 Kings 21:18

Job 7:21

Job 14:12

Psalm 13:4

Luke 8:52-56

Mark 5:38-43

John 11:11-14

Acts 7:59-60

Acts 13:36

1 Corinthians 15:6

1 Corinthians 15:18

1 Corinthians 15:20

2 Chronicles 9:31

2 Chronicles 12:16

2 Chronicles 14:1

2 Chronicles 16:13

2 Chronicles 21:1

2 Chronicles 26:2

2 Chronicles 26:23

2 Chronicles 27:9

2 Chronicles 28:27

2 Chronicles 32:33

2 Peter 3:4

Image of Mustard Tree Borrowed form another blog

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
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41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
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1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
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43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
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48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
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44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
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46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
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36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
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47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
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38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
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50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
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45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
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8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
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18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
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7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
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21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
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21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
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12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
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1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
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28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
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14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
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26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
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57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
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55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
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17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
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22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
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5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
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26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
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35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:31-36
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31And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
32And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:
33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
35For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in:
36Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
Genesis 3:7
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7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons.
Matthew 8:20
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20And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Luke 9:58
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58Jesus said to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Matthew 24:35
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35Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass.
Luke 8:52-56
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52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
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38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
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11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Psalm 13:4
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4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Deuteronomy 31:16
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16And the Lord said to Moses: Behold thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, and this people rising up will go a fornicating after strange gods in the land, to which it goeth in to dwell: there will they forsake me, and will make void the covenant, which I have made with them,
1 Kings 2:10
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10So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1 Kings 11:43
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43And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 11:21
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21And when Adad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the general of the army was dead, he said to Pharao: Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.
1 Kings 14:20
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20And the days that Jeroboam reigned, were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers: and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 14:31
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31And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and his mother's name was Naama an Ammonitess: and Abiam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:8
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8And Abiam slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David, and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:24
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24And he slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Josaphat his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 16:6
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6So Baasa slept with his fathers, and was buried in Thersa: and Ela his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 16:28
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28And Amri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, and Achab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 22:40
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40So Achab slept with his fathers, and Ochozias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 8:24
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24And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ochozias his son reigned in Iris stead.
2 Kings 10:35
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35And Jehu slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joachaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:9
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9And Joachaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joas his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:13
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13And Joas slept with his fathers: and Jeroboam sat upon his throne. But Joas was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
2 Kings 14:16
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16And Joas slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, with the kings of Israel: and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 14:22
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22He built Elath, and restored it to Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Kings 14:29
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29And Jeroboam slept with his fathers the kings of Israel, and Zacharias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:7
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7And Azarias slept with his fathers: and they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David, and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:22
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22And Manahem slept with his fathers: and Phaceia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:38
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
38And Joatham slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father, and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 16:20
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
20And Achaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 20:21
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
21And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 21:18
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
18And Manasses slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Oza: and Amen his son reigned in his stead.
Job 7:21
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
21Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me in the morning, I shall not be.
Job 14:12
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
12So man when he is fallen asleep shall not rise again; till the heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Luke 8:52-56
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Acts 7:59-60
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
59And falling on his knees, he cried with a loud voice, saying: Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep in the Lord. And Saul was consenting to his death.
Acts 13:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36For David, when he had served in his generation, according to the will of God, slept: and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption.
1 Corinthians 15:6
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6Then he was seen by more than five hundred brethren at once: of whom many remain until this present, and some are fallen asleep.
1 Corinthians 15:18
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ, are perished.
1 Corinthians 15:20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
20But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them that sleep:
2 Chronicles 9:31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
31And he slept with his fathers: and they buried him in the city of David: and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 12:16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And Abia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 14:1
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1And Abia slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead: in his days the land was quiet ten years.
2 Chronicles 16:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And he slept with his fathers: and he died in the one and fortieth year of his reign.
2 Chronicles 21:1
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1And Josaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and Joram his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 26:2
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
2He built Ailath, and restored it to the dominion of Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Chronicles 26:23
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
23And Ozias slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the field of the royal sepulchres, because he was a leper: and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 27:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9And Joatham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 28:27
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
27And Achaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of Jerusalem: for they received him not into the sepulchres of the kings of Israel. And Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 32:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and they buried him above the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Juda, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem celebrated his funeral: and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Peter 3:4
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Saying: Where is his promise or his coming? for since the time that the fathers slept, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.

Acting in Faith – a Lenten Practice

Sunday, February 19th, 2012

Today’s Gospel reading from Mark 2:1-12 is the breakthrough story of the paralytic, whose friends, seeing that the immense popularity of Jesus prevents access to Him, open up the roof of the house where Jesus is staying and lower the child to Him. Upon seeing this extraordinary act Jesus is moved to heal the paralytic. This true story teaches me that faith alone is not enough to produce the fruit of a perfected soul; it takes action, which is works.

If the body is like the soul, then being paralyzed and being healed are respectively like injury and health to the soul. Our sins paralyze us to the point that all we can do is see our sins, lament them and dwell on them even after we are forgiven through the sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation.

In the first reading for today from Isaiah 43:18-25 God tells us that he has forgiven our sins and remembers them no more. At first reading this is a conundrum because, if he truly doesn’t remember or sins, if they are blotted out with absolutely no trace, then how is it that God knows of them to be able to say that they are wiped out? In short, why does he bring it up at all? At second consideration and closer inspection, we see that it is the Israelites who burden God with their sins. It is the people who are bringing up the issue, in essence saying no to the grace of God. God is just responding to their laments and even their chronic failures. Their sins were indeed forgiven but their actions showed no conviction.

The second reading (2 Corinthians 1:18-22) is a departure from the constant worrying over sins toward inconsistency in faith. In the next reading, Saint Paul is defending his honor, not for his own sake but for the Corinthians’ sake, saying that his word declaring Jesus to be the Son of God and the messiah is not wavering because he (Paul) cannot be with them. Paul reminds those at Corinth that in baptism they have received something greater then him self; namely they have received the very Spirit of God. Like God the father in the first reading, Paul reassures the Corinthians that even though he cannot be with them as originally intended it does not mean that he has said no one minute and yes the next. It does not mean that they should have reason to doubt the message of faith in Christ, since the Holy Spirit, who is the first deposit of faith, dwells in them. The Corinthians are like the Israelites in having doubt and accusing Paul of causing it by not returning to them as he had initially planned.

The third reading is perfected faith; it is faith in action. The four men who carry the paralytic are so convinced that Jesus will heal their friend/relative that they remove every obstacle to get to Jesus. Often times our sins paralyze us from accepting grace. We think so low of ourselves because of what we have done that we imagine ourselves unredeemable and unworthy. This is wrong thinking primarily because, like accusing Paul of inconsistency, it fails to recognize the perfect and unwavering mercy of Jesus Christ. Yet, once we have immobilized our faith, we have no one to help us reach Christ except those connected visibly in the Church on earth and invisibly by communion with those in Purgatory and the saints and angels in Heaven. So if we are reconciled to Christ – the head – and to the Church, which is the body, then we have the austere responsibility to assist those who by their actions have become paralyzed.

How then can we, like the four men in the Gospel reading, lower others through the roof to Christ? I think it takes the three Lenten practices: Prayer, fasting and alms giving (sacrifice). Prayer first, because it prepares us for right action, it puts others before ourselves, and it brings us closer to God who is the source of all goodness. Fasting because in it we learn to deem all things superfluous; man does not live by bread alone but by every word of God. Alms, which I do not limit to giving money but other commodities like time and effort, skills and labor without pay, and giving up pleasures and conveniences, because in making such sacrifices, in giving of ourselves we show faith and it is those acts of faith that move Christ to heal.

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:31-36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
31And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
32And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:
33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
35For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in:
36Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
Genesis 3:7
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons.
Matthew 8:20
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20And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Luke 9:58
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58Jesus said to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Matthew 24:35
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35Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass.
Luke 8:52-56
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52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Deuteronomy 31:16
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16And the Lord said to Moses: Behold thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, and this people rising up will go a fornicating after strange gods in the land, to which it goeth in to dwell: there will they forsake me, and will make void the covenant, which I have made with them,
1 Kings 2:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1 Kings 11:43
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43And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 11:21
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21And when Adad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the general of the army was dead, he said to Pharao: Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.
1 Kings 14:20
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20And the days that Jeroboam reigned, were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers: and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 14:31
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31And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and his mother's name was Naama an Ammonitess: and Abiam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:8
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8And Abiam slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David, and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:24
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24And he slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Josaphat his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 16:6
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6So Baasa slept with his fathers, and was buried in Thersa: and Ela his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 16:28
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28And Amri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, and Achab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 22:40
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40So Achab slept with his fathers, and Ochozias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 8:24
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24And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ochozias his son reigned in Iris stead.
2 Kings 10:35
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35And Jehu slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joachaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:9
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9And Joachaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joas his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:13
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13And Joas slept with his fathers: and Jeroboam sat upon his throne. But Joas was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
2 Kings 14:16
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16And Joas slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, with the kings of Israel: and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 14:22
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22He built Elath, and restored it to Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Kings 14:29
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29And Jeroboam slept with his fathers the kings of Israel, and Zacharias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:7
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7And Azarias slept with his fathers: and they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David, and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:22
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22And Manahem slept with his fathers: and Phaceia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:38
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38And Joatham slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father, and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 16:20
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20And Achaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 20:21
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21And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 21:18
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18And Manasses slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Oza: and Amen his son reigned in his stead.
Job 7:21
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21Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me in the morning, I shall not be.
Job 14:12
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12So man when he is fallen asleep shall not rise again; till the heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Luke 8:52-56
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Acts 7:59-60
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
59And falling on his knees, he cried with a loud voice, saying: Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep in the Lord. And Saul was consenting to his death.
Acts 13:36
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36For David, when he had served in his generation, according to the will of God, slept: and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption.
1 Corinthians 15:6
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6Then he was seen by more than five hundred brethren at once: of whom many remain until this present, and some are fallen asleep.
1 Corinthians 15:18
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18Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ, are perished.
1 Corinthians 15:20
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20But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them that sleep:
2 Chronicles 9:31
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31And he slept with his fathers: and they buried him in the city of David: and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 12:16
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16And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And Abia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 14:1
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1And Abia slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead: in his days the land was quiet ten years.
2 Chronicles 16:13
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13And he slept with his fathers: and he died in the one and fortieth year of his reign.
2 Chronicles 21:1
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1And Josaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and Joram his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 26:2
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2He built Ailath, and restored it to the dominion of Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Chronicles 26:23
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23And Ozias slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the field of the royal sepulchres, because he was a leper: and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 27:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9And Joatham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 28:27
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27And Achaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of Jerusalem: for they received him not into the sepulchres of the kings of Israel. And Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 32:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and they buried him above the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Juda, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem celebrated his funeral: and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Peter 3:4
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Saying: Where is his promise or his coming? for since the time that the fathers slept, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.
Mark 2:1-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And again he entered into Capharnaum after some days.
2And it was heard that he was in the house, and many came together, so that there was no room; no, not even at the door; and he spoke to them the word.
3And they came to him, bringing one sick of the palsy, who was carried by four.
4And when they could not offer him unto him for the multitude, they uncovered the roof where he was; and opening it, they let down the bed wherein the man sick of the palsy lay.
5And when Jesus had seen their faith, he saith to the sick of the palsy: Son, thy sins are forgiven thee.
6And there were some of the scribes sitting there, and thinking in their hearts:
7Why doth this man speak thus? he blasphemeth. Who can forgive sins, but God only?
8Which Jesus presently knowing in his spirit, that they so thought within themselves, saith to them: Why think you these things in your hearts?
9Which is easier, to say to the sick of the palsy: Thy sins are forgiven thee; or to say: Arise, take up thy bed, and walk?
10But that you may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)
11I say to thee: Arise, take up thy bed, and go into thy house.
12And immediately he arose; and taking up his bed, went his way in the sight of all; so that all wondered and glorified God, saying: We never saw the like.
Isaiah 43:18-25
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
18Remember not former things, and look not on things of old.
19Behold I do new things, and now they shall spring forth, verily you shall know them: I will make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.
20The beast of the field shall glorify me, the dragons and the ostriches: because I have given waters in the wilderness, rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, to my chosen.
21This people have I formed for myself, they shall shew forth my praise.
22But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob, neither hast thou laboured about me, O Israel.
23Thou hast not offered me the ram of thy holocaust, nor hast thou glorified me with thy victims: I have not caused thee to serve with oblations, nor wearied thee with incense.
24Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy victims. But thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thy iniquities.
25I am, I am he that blot out thy iniquities for my own sake, and I will not remember thy sins.
2 Corinthians 1:18-22
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18But God is faithful, for our preaching which was to you, was not, It is, and It is not.
19For the Son of God, Jesus Christ who was preached among you by us, by me, and Sylvanus, and Timothy, was not, It is and It is not, but, It is, was in him.
20For all the promises of God are in him, It is; therefore also by him, amen to God, unto our glory.
21Now he that confirmeth us with you in Christ, and that hath anointed us, is God:
22Who also hath sealed us, and given the pledge of the Spirit in our hearts.

Indiana Jones and a Catholic’s Perspective

Saturday, November 5th, 2011

Indiana Jones Hat and Bullwhip

Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Indy movies are about fun. They are not intended to catechize but a good catechist will make use of any pop culture experience to explain the faith. Jesus did this with parables, using archetypes of people from various vocations; vineyard owners and workers, Samaritans and priests, fathers and children, women and men, etc. Saints have done the same; Saint Patrick explained the trinity by the three leaves of a clover that are one bloom, Saint Therese of Avila explained prayer life as a series of mansions.

Pop culture belongs to the world and as such it reflects worldly ideas and opinions. It’s easy to identify ideals that contrast or contradict Catholic teaching in almost any movie and the Indy series is no exception. While it’s good to point this out, a positive approach will be best received. So, rather than focus on the negative let’s see what good we can find in the two arguably most memorable Indy films; Raiders of the Lost Ark, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.

Raiders of the Lost Ark
&#9679 Indy is the embodiment of hope in this story, in that sense he is an archetype of the messiah: the Jewish hope. He is the chosen archeologist just as the Jews are the chosen people – he’s different, set apart, he’s the one that’s going to succeed even though he’s failed before.

&#9679 The Ark is set apart, sanctified like Gods people; the character Markus Brody explains to Indy, “it’s unlike anything you’ve gone after before.”

&#9679 When arguing with the U.S. government men to have the Ark researched Indy insists, “The ark is a source of unspeakable power…”

&#9679 Even the people with evil intentions recognize the greatness of the Ark just as the demons recognize Jesus as the Christ (Matthew 8:29, Mark 1:24, Mark 5:7, Luke 8:28, James 2:19). Belloq explains to Indy, “Do you realize what the Ark is? It’s a transmitter. A radio for talking to God!…” Belloq sought not after God but after power and because of his impure ambition, Belloq’s end came as torment.

&#9679 The ark ends up hidden away from the world’s view. In a manner of speaking, it is in the world but does not belong to it, much like the disciples (Romans 12:2 John 17:15-16).

&#9679 A parallel is apparent between all heroes and the saints. What a worldly action hero does is like what a spiritual hero believes. That is, the actions of heroes are like the faith of saints inasmuch as they often transcend the realm of the ordinary. Even though Indy is triumphant he receives no glory for himself.

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
&#9679 The grail is the Cup of Christ, a true relic of the last supper, not some psychobabble-ic pseudo-myth.

&#9679 The Brothers of the Cruciform Sword like the Templar Knights risk their lives to protect the grail. Like a typical character of grail lore, one of these knights poses the apex question to Indy, “Ask yourself, why do you seek the Cup of Christ? Is it for His glory, or for yours?” Indy replies,” I didn’t come for the Cup of Christ. I came to find my father.” In this film Indiana is not seeking an artifact so much as a person and he is in need of reconciliation to his father. Reconciliation to The Father in heaven is the true destiny of Christian pilgrims; The Son (Jesus) redeems us to bring us to His Father. Just as the only way to The Father in heaven is through Christ (John 14:6), so too the only way for Indy to reach his father is through the Cup of Christ.

&#9679 Indiana is like the knights of the grail, risking his life not for the grail but to save his father’s life. In this sense can we consider Indiana to be Christ-like? Indiana was never made out to be a priest (Belloq tried) a prophet or a king (Kali anyone?) but in self giving at risk of losing his life, Indiana is just this side of sacrificial. Is Dr. Jones Sr. a sacrifice? Not willingly, but he might have been a martyr had he died, since he was shot while on a mission to protect the grail, knowing it to be a relic of Christ’s[1].

&#9679 The grail has true healing powers and offers everlasting life by virtue of Christ. Of course, we Catholics do not attribute such power to the Cup of Christ but rather to Christ Himself; to the Eucharist. For Jesus said, “I am the living bread that came down from heaven; whoever eats this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give is my flesh for the life of the world.” ~ John 6:51

&#9679 The three challenges are reminiscent of scripture, Tradition and philosophic commentary:

1. Breath of God – Only the penitent shall pass
Dr. Jones Sr. is dying when he recites this challenge – shouldn’t penance be on the mind of a dying man? In this challenge the breath of God is a wind that blows through the caverns just before rotating blades gruesomely behead those who fail to kneel. According to Genesis, God breathed life into man (Genesis 2:7). It is the penitent man whose prayers are heard (Luke 18:9-14) and the penitent thief to whom Jesus promises heaven (Luke 23:39-43).

2. Word of God – Only in the footsteps of God will he proceed
This may be a reference to Jesus since He is the Word of God (John 1:1) and cannot stumble upon Himself[2] Scripture tells us lean not on your own understanding but on every word of God (Proverbs 3:5), and Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path (Psalm 119:105). This segues nicely into the next challenge.

3. Path of God – Only in the leap from the lion’s head will he prove his worth.

— “prove his worth”; emphasis seems to be on merit or works – man is justified by works and faith ~ James 2:24

— “Lion’s head” – Christ is the Lion of the Tribe of Judah ~ Revelation 5:5

— Leap of faith – neither scripture nor Tradition. This phrase is attributed to philosopher Kierkegaard, who reasoned that since the fall of man is a leap from sinlessness to sinfulness, the return would also be a leap.

The button they put on this movie was disappointing but it does ask us to make up our minds about our own journey. To the question, “what did you get out of this adventure?” Henry Jones Sr. responds, “Enlightenment.” In this case the question is as poignant here at the end of the journey as the one posed to Jones Jr. in the middle “Ask yourself, why do you seek the Cup of Christ?” The former question is the quintessential question we are all to answer for ourselves. As for me, the answer is easier to see in the first movie; it’s something like Belloq’s revelation that the Ark is for speaking to God, only without the prideful ambition. What I get out of the adventure of seeking Christ through His Cup and from each cup at every Catholic Mass, is communion with God.

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
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1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
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43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
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48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
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44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
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46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
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36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
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47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
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45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
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18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
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21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
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28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
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55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
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17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
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5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
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26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
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35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:31-36
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31And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
32And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:
33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
35For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in:
36Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
Genesis 3:7
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7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons.
Matthew 8:20
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20And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Luke 9:58
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58Jesus said to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Matthew 24:35
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35Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass.
Luke 8:52-56
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52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
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11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Deuteronomy 31:16
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16And the Lord said to Moses: Behold thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, and this people rising up will go a fornicating after strange gods in the land, to which it goeth in to dwell: there will they forsake me, and will make void the covenant, which I have made with them,
1 Kings 2:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1 Kings 11:43
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43And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 11:21
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21And when Adad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the general of the army was dead, he said to Pharao: Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.
1 Kings 14:20
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20And the days that Jeroboam reigned, were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers: and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 14:31
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31And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and his mother's name was Naama an Ammonitess: and Abiam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:8
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8And Abiam slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David, and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:24
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24And he slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Josaphat his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 16:6
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6So Baasa slept with his fathers, and was buried in Thersa: and Ela his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 16:28
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28And Amri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, and Achab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 22:40
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40So Achab slept with his fathers, and Ochozias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 8:24
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24And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ochozias his son reigned in Iris stead.
2 Kings 10:35
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35And Jehu slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joachaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:9
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9And Joachaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joas his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:13
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13And Joas slept with his fathers: and Jeroboam sat upon his throne. But Joas was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
2 Kings 14:16
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16And Joas slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, with the kings of Israel: and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 14:22
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22He built Elath, and restored it to Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Kings 14:29
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29And Jeroboam slept with his fathers the kings of Israel, and Zacharias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:7
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7And Azarias slept with his fathers: and they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David, and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:22
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22And Manahem slept with his fathers: and Phaceia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:38
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38And Joatham slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father, and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 16:20
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20And Achaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 20:21
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21And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 21:18
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18And Manasses slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Oza: and Amen his son reigned in his stead.
Job 7:21
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21Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me in the morning, I shall not be.
Job 14:12
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12So man when he is fallen asleep shall not rise again; till the heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Luke 8:52-56
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Acts 7:59-60
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59And falling on his knees, he cried with a loud voice, saying: Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep in the Lord. And Saul was consenting to his death.
Acts 13:36
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36For David, when he had served in his generation, according to the will of God, slept: and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption.
1 Corinthians 15:6
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6Then he was seen by more than five hundred brethren at once: of whom many remain until this present, and some are fallen asleep.
1 Corinthians 15:18
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ, are perished.
1 Corinthians 15:20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
20But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them that sleep:
2 Chronicles 9:31
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
31And he slept with his fathers: and they buried him in the city of David: and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 12:16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And Abia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 14:1
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1And Abia slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead: in his days the land was quiet ten years.
2 Chronicles 16:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And he slept with his fathers: and he died in the one and fortieth year of his reign.
2 Chronicles 21:1
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
1And Josaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and Joram his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 26:2
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
2He built Ailath, and restored it to the dominion of Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Chronicles 26:23
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
23And Ozias slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the field of the royal sepulchres, because he was a leper: and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 27:9
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
9And Joatham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 28:27
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
27And Achaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of Jerusalem: for they received him not into the sepulchres of the kings of Israel. And Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 32:33
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
33And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and they buried him above the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Juda, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem celebrated his funeral: and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Peter 3:4
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Saying: Where is his promise or his coming? for since the time that the fathers slept, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.
Mark 2:1-12
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And again he entered into Capharnaum after some days.
2And it was heard that he was in the house, and many came together, so that there was no room; no, not even at the door; and he spoke to them the word.
3And they came to him, bringing one sick of the palsy, who was carried by four.
4And when they could not offer him unto him for the multitude, they uncovered the roof where he was; and opening it, they let down the bed wherein the man sick of the palsy lay.
5And when Jesus had seen their faith, he saith to the sick of the palsy: Son, thy sins are forgiven thee.
6And there were some of the scribes sitting there, and thinking in their hearts:
7Why doth this man speak thus? he blasphemeth. Who can forgive sins, but God only?
8Which Jesus presently knowing in his spirit, that they so thought within themselves, saith to them: Why think you these things in your hearts?
9Which is easier, to say to the sick of the palsy: Thy sins are forgiven thee; or to say: Arise, take up thy bed, and walk?
10But that you may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)
11I say to thee: Arise, take up thy bed, and go into thy house.
12And immediately he arose; and taking up his bed, went his way in the sight of all; so that all wondered and glorified God, saying: We never saw the like.
Isaiah 43:18-25
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
18Remember not former things, and look not on things of old.
19Behold I do new things, and now they shall spring forth, verily you shall know them: I will make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.
20The beast of the field shall glorify me, the dragons and the ostriches: because I have given waters in the wilderness, rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, to my chosen.
21This people have I formed for myself, they shall shew forth my praise.
22But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob, neither hast thou laboured about me, O Israel.
23Thou hast not offered me the ram of thy holocaust, nor hast thou glorified me with thy victims: I have not caused thee to serve with oblations, nor wearied thee with incense.
24Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy victims. But thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thy iniquities.
25I am, I am he that blot out thy iniquities for my own sake, and I will not remember thy sins.
2 Corinthians 1:18-22
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
18But God is faithful, for our preaching which was to you, was not, It is, and It is not.
19For the Son of God, Jesus Christ who was preached among you by us, by me, and Sylvanus, and Timothy, was not, It is and It is not, but, It is, was in him.
20For all the promises of God are in him, It is; therefore also by him, amen to God, unto our glory.
21Now he that confirmeth us with you in Christ, and that hath anointed us, is God:
22Who also hath sealed us, and given the pledge of the Spirit in our hearts.
Matthew 8:29
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And behold they cried out, saying: What have we to do with thee, Jesus Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?
Mark 1:24
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24Saying: What have we to do with thee, Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, the Holy One of God.
Mark 5:7
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7And crying with a loud voice, he said: What have I to do with thee, Jesus the Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God that thou torment me not.
Luke 8:28
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28And when he saw Jesus, he fell down before him; and crying out with a loud voice, he said: What have I to do with thee, Jesus, Son of the most high God? I beseech thee, do not torment me.
James 2:19
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19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
Romans 12:2
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2And be not conformed to this world; but be reformed in the newness of your mind, that you may prove what is the good, and the acceptable, and the perfect will of God.
John 17:15-16
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15I pray not that thou shouldst take them out of the world, but that thou shouldst keep them from evil.
16They are not of the world, as I also am not of the world.
John 14:6
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6Jesus saith to him: I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No man cometh to the Father, but by me.
John 6:51
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51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
Genesis 2:7
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
7And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul.
Luke 18:9-14
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9And to some who trusted in themselves as just, and despised others, he spoke also this parable:
10Two men went up into the temple to pray: the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican.
11The Pharisee standing, prayed thus with himself: O God, I give thee thanks that I am not as the rest of men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, as also is this publican.
12I fast twice in a week: I give tithes of all that I possess.
13And the publican, standing afar off, would not so much as lift up his eyes towards heaven; but struck his breast, saying: O god, be merciful to me a sinner.
14I say to you, this man went down into his house justified rather that the other: because every one that exalteth himself, shall be humbled: and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted.
Luke 23:39-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
39And one of those robbers who were hanged, blasphemed him, saying: If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
40But the other answering, rebuked him, saying: Neither dost thou fear God, seeing thou art condemned under the same condemnation?
41And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this man hath done no evil.
42And he said to Jesus: Lord, remember me when thou shalt come into thy kingdom.
43And Jesus said to him: Amen I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with me in paradise.
John 1:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Luke 20:16-19
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16He will come, and will destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. Which they hearing, said to him: God forbid.
17But he looking on them, said: What is this then that is written, The stone, which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
18Whosoever shall fall upon that stone, shall be bruised: and upon whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
19And the chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him the same hour: but they feared the people, for they knew that he spoke this parable to them.
Acts 4:11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11This is the stone which was rejected by you the builders, which is become the head of the corner.
Luke 4:9-13
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9And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and he said to him: If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself from hence.
10For it is written, that He hath given his angels charge over thee, that they keep thee.
11And that in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest perhaps thou dash thy foot against a stone.
12And Jesus answering, said to him: It is said: Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
13And all the temptation being ended, the devil departed from him for a time.
Matthew 4:8-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8Again the devil took him up into a very high mountain, and shewed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them,
9And said to him: All these will I give thee, if falling down thou wilt adore me.
10Then Jesus saith to him: Begone, Satan: for it is written, The Lord thy God shalt thou adore, and him only shalt thou serve.
11Then the devil left him; and behold angels came and ministered to him.
Psalm 91:11-12
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
11For he hath given his angels charge over thee; to keep thee in all thy ways.
12In their hands they shall bear thee up: lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Proverbs 3:5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5Have confidence in the Lord with all thy heart, and lean not upon thy own prudence.
Psalm 119:105
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105NUN. Thy word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my paths.
James 2:24
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24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
Revelation 5:5
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
5And one of the ancients said to me: Weep not; behold the lion of the tribe of Juda, the root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
  1. Saint Laurence was roasted on a gridiron because he would not surrender the holy relics of the church to the Roman Emperor Valerian. []
  2. that is Jesus is the stone which the builders rejected Luke 20:16-19, Acts 4:11, and to the builders He is a stumbling block 1Cor 1:23 The devil tempted Jesus to throw Himself upon the rocks Luke 4:9-13, Matthew 4:8-11, Psalm 91:11-12 []

A Heart for Christ

Saturday, October 8th, 2011

Image of Christ Laid in the tomb

Martin Feuerstein (1856-1931 French)

As a writer, I enjoy a good parallel in sentence structure and between two subjects in a paragraph, and when used as a motif throughout a work. Sometimes I am struck by a parallel I would not have considered, such as the one that the Franciscans draw in their short Way of the Cross on the final fourteenth station.

Jesus is laid in the sepulcher:
“When I receive Thee into my heart in Holy Communion, O Jesus, make it a fit abiding place for Thy adorable Body. Amen.”

The parallel of the sacrificial body of Christ with the sacramental body of Christ is readily apparent but the necessary parallel of the tomb with our hearts is a startling comparison to accompany it. Jesus said that the heart is like a treasure box where we keep the things that are dearest to us (cf Matthew 6:21, Luke 12:34). He also said that our mouths will speak from the fullness of our hearts (cf Matthew 12:34, Luke 6:45). This makes sense; if we harbor bitter things in our hearts then we will speak of bitter things: if we treasure holy things then we will speak of holy things. We can easily see the heart as the motivator of our actions and the wellspring of our emotions but to consider our hearts as if they were tombs is to acknowledge that inside we are empty, we are rock[1] and earth hollowed out and awaiting the fruition of our mortality.

Just as Christ’s physical body was laid in the tomb, according to the Franciscan Fathers, so too does Christ’s Eucharistic Body enter into our hearts. Once there, we seal off our heart’s tomb and cherish Him as the greatest treasure. Yet, the Eucharist is both the sacrifice and the resurrection. He rises up within us and rolls back the stone door to our hearts tomb leaving it wide open again, making it a fit abiding place for Him to dwell, and rejuvenating us with His purest love.

Luke 11:29-30
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
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1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
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43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
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48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
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44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
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46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
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36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
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47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
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45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
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18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
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7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
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21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
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21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
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12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
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28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
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55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
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17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
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35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:31-36
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
31And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
32And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:
33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
35For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in:
36Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
Genesis 3:7
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons.
Matthew 8:20
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
20And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Luke 9:58
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58Jesus said to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Matthew 24:35
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35Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass.
Luke 8:52-56
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52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Deuteronomy 31:16
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
16And the Lord said to Moses: Behold thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, and this people rising up will go a fornicating after strange gods in the land, to which it goeth in to dwell: there will they forsake me, and will make void the covenant, which I have made with them,
1 Kings 2:10
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
10So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1 Kings 11:43
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43And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 11:21
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21And when Adad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the general of the army was dead, he said to Pharao: Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.
1 Kings 14:20
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
20And the days that Jeroboam reigned, were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers: and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 14:31
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31And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and his mother's name was Naama an Ammonitess: and Abiam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:8
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8And Abiam slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David, and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 15:24
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24And he slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father. And Josaphat his son reigned in his place.
1 Kings 16:6
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6So Baasa slept with his fathers, and was buried in Thersa: and Ela his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 16:28
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28And Amri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, and Achab his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 22:40
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40So Achab slept with his fathers, and Ochozias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 8:24
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24And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ochozias his son reigned in Iris stead.
2 Kings 10:35
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35And Jehu slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joachaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:9
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9And Joachaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in Samaria: and Joas his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 13:13
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13And Joas slept with his fathers: and Jeroboam sat upon his throne. But Joas was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
2 Kings 14:16
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16And Joas slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria, with the kings of Israel: and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 14:22
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22He built Elath, and restored it to Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Kings 14:29
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29And Jeroboam slept with his fathers the kings of Israel, and Zacharias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:7
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7And Azarias slept with his fathers: and they buried him with his ancestors in the city of David, and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:22
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22And Manahem slept with his fathers: and Phaceia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 15:38
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38And Joatham slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David his father, and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 16:20
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20And Achaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David, and Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 20:21
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21And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 21:18
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18And Manasses slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Oza: and Amen his son reigned in his stead.
Job 7:21
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21Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me in the morning, I shall not be.
Job 14:12
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12So man when he is fallen asleep shall not rise again; till the heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep.
Psalm 13:4
View in: NAB Vulg Hebrew
4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Luke 8:52-56
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Acts 7:59-60
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
59And falling on his knees, he cried with a loud voice, saying: Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep in the Lord. And Saul was consenting to his death.
Acts 13:36
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36For David, when he had served in his generation, according to the will of God, slept: and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption.
1 Corinthians 15:6
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6Then he was seen by more than five hundred brethren at once: of whom many remain until this present, and some are fallen asleep.
1 Corinthians 15:18
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18Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ, are perished.
1 Corinthians 15:20
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20But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them that sleep:
2 Chronicles 9:31
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31And he slept with his fathers: and they buried him in the city of David: and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 12:16
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16And Roboam slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And Abia his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 14:1
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1And Abia slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead: in his days the land was quiet ten years.
2 Chronicles 16:13
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13And he slept with his fathers: and he died in the one and fortieth year of his reign.
2 Chronicles 21:1
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1And Josaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with them in the city of David: and Joram his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 26:2
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2He built Ailath, and restored it to the dominion of Juda, after that the king slept with his fathers.
2 Chronicles 26:23
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23And Ozias slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the field of the royal sepulchres, because he was a leper: and Joatham his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 27:9
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9And Joatham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Achaz his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 28:27
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27And Achaz slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of Jerusalem: for they received him not into the sepulchres of the kings of Israel. And Ezechias his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 32:33
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33And Ezechias slept with his fathers, and they buried him above the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Juda, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem celebrated his funeral: and Manasses his son reigned in his stead.
2 Peter 3:4
View in: NAB Vulg Greek
4Saying: Where is his promise or his coming? for since the time that the fathers slept, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.
Mark 2:1-12
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1And again he entered into Capharnaum after some days.
2And it was heard that he was in the house, and many came together, so that there was no room; no, not even at the door; and he spoke to them the word.
3And they came to him, bringing one sick of the palsy, who was carried by four.
4And when they could not offer him unto him for the multitude, they uncovered the roof where he was; and opening it, they let down the bed wherein the man sick of the palsy lay.
5And when Jesus had seen their faith, he saith to the sick of the palsy: Son, thy sins are forgiven thee.
6And there were some of the scribes sitting there, and thinking in their hearts:
7Why doth this man speak thus? he blasphemeth. Who can forgive sins, but God only?
8Which Jesus presently knowing in his spirit, that they so thought within themselves, saith to them: Why think you these things in your hearts?
9Which is easier, to say to the sick of the palsy: Thy sins are forgiven thee; or to say: Arise, take up thy bed, and walk?
10But that you may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)
11I say to thee: Arise, take up thy bed, and go into thy house.
12And immediately he arose; and taking up his bed, went his way in the sight of all; so that all wondered and glorified God, saying: We never saw the like.
Isaiah 43:18-25
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18Remember not former things, and look not on things of old.
19Behold I do new things, and now they shall spring forth, verily you shall know them: I will make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in the desert.
20The beast of the field shall glorify me, the dragons and the ostriches: because I have given waters in the wilderness, rivers in the desert, to give drink to my people, to my chosen.
21This people have I formed for myself, they shall shew forth my praise.
22But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob, neither hast thou laboured about me, O Israel.
23Thou hast not offered me the ram of thy holocaust, nor hast thou glorified me with thy victims: I have not caused thee to serve with oblations, nor wearied thee with incense.
24Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy victims. But thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thy iniquities.
25I am, I am he that blot out thy iniquities for my own sake, and I will not remember thy sins.
2 Corinthians 1:18-22
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18But God is faithful, for our preaching which was to you, was not, It is, and It is not.
19For the Son of God, Jesus Christ who was preached among you by us, by me, and Sylvanus, and Timothy, was not, It is and It is not, but, It is, was in him.
20For all the promises of God are in him, It is; therefore also by him, amen to God, unto our glory.
21Now he that confirmeth us with you in Christ, and that hath anointed us, is God:
22Who also hath sealed us, and given the pledge of the Spirit in our hearts.
Matthew 8:29
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29And behold they cried out, saying: What have we to do with thee, Jesus Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?
Mark 1:24
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24Saying: What have we to do with thee, Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, the Holy One of God.
Mark 5:7
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7And crying with a loud voice, he said: What have I to do with thee, Jesus the Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God that thou torment me not.
Luke 8:28
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28And when he saw Jesus, he fell down before him; and crying out with a loud voice, he said: What have I to do with thee, Jesus, Son of the most high God? I beseech thee, do not torment me.
James 2:19
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19Thou believest that there is one God. Thou dost well: the devils also believe and tremble.
Romans 12:2
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2And be not conformed to this world; but be reformed in the newness of your mind, that you may prove what is the good, and the acceptable, and the perfect will of God.
John 17:15-16
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15I pray not that thou shouldst take them out of the world, but that thou shouldst keep them from evil.
16They are not of the world, as I also am not of the world.
John 14:6
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6Jesus saith to him: I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No man cometh to the Father, but by me.
John 6:51
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51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
Genesis 2:7
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7And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul.
Luke 18:9-14
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9And to some who trusted in themselves as just, and despised others, he spoke also this parable:
10Two men went up into the temple to pray: the one a Pharisee, and the other a publican.
11The Pharisee standing, prayed thus with himself: O God, I give thee thanks that I am not as the rest of men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, as also is this publican.
12I fast twice in a week: I give tithes of all that I possess.
13And the publican, standing afar off, would not so much as lift up his eyes towards heaven; but struck his breast, saying: O god, be merciful to me a sinner.
14I say to you, this man went down into his house justified rather that the other: because every one that exalteth himself, shall be humbled: and he that humbleth himself, shall be exalted.
Luke 23:39-43
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39And one of those robbers who were hanged, blasphemed him, saying: If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.
40But the other answering, rebuked him, saying: Neither dost thou fear God, seeing thou art condemned under the same condemnation?
41And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this man hath done no evil.
42And he said to Jesus: Lord, remember me when thou shalt come into thy kingdom.
43And Jesus said to him: Amen I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with me in paradise.
John 1:1
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1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Luke 20:16-19
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16He will come, and will destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. Which they hearing, said to him: God forbid.
17But he looking on them, said: What is this then that is written, The stone, which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
18Whosoever shall fall upon that stone, shall be bruised: and upon whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
19And the chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him the same hour: but they feared the people, for they knew that he spoke this parable to them.
Acts 4:11
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11This is the stone which was rejected by you the builders, which is become the head of the corner.
Luke 4:9-13
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9And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and he said to him: If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself from hence.
10For it is written, that He hath given his angels charge over thee, that they keep thee.
11And that in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest perhaps thou dash thy foot against a stone.
12And Jesus answering, said to him: It is said: Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
13And all the temptation being ended, the devil departed from him for a time.
Matthew 4:8-11
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8Again the devil took him up into a very high mountain, and shewed him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them,
9And said to him: All these will I give thee, if falling down thou wilt adore me.
10Then Jesus saith to him: Begone, Satan: for it is written, The Lord thy God shalt thou adore, and him only shalt thou serve.
11Then the devil left him; and behold angels came and ministered to him.
Psalm 91:11-12
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11For he hath given his angels charge over thee; to keep thee in all thy ways.
12In their hands they shall bear thee up: lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Proverbs 3:5
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5Have confidence in the Lord with all thy heart, and lean not upon thy own prudence.
Psalm 119:105
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105NUN. Thy word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my paths.
James 2:24
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24Do you see that by works a man is justified; and not by faith only?
Revelation 5:5
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5And one of the ancients said to me: Weep not; behold the lion of the tribe of Juda, the root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.
Matthew 6:21
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21For where thy treasure is, there is thy heart also.
Luke 12:34
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34For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Matthew 12:34
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34O generation of vipers, how can you speak good things, whereas you are evil? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
Luke 6:45
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45A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth that which is evil. For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
  1. according to Genesis man is made of from the earth. Soft earth is fertile ground for the seed of the word and hardened, compacted earth is sedimentary rock. So a soft heart is ready for the living Christ but a hardened heart is as cold and empty as a tomb []

When the Water Turned to Wine

Monday, June 13th, 2011

Jesus turns the water to wineJohn 2:1-11 When did it happen; at what point did the water turn to wine? There are no active words from Jesus calling the water wine. The waiters followed his instructions, filling the jars to the brim. They would have seen, and smelled the effervescence of wine had the change taken place immediately. Jesus then says “draw some out and take it to the headwaiter.” Some what; some water or some wine? I imagine it was still water and that the waiters were demonstrating faith taking a sample of it to the headwaiter. The actual instant of the miracle seems to be elusive. In the institution of the Eucharist, Jesus’ words are direct, “this is my body,” and again, “this is my blood.” Yet the change is not visible in the Eucharist; Christ’s Body and Blood are present under the appearances of bread and wine. But here at the miracle at the Cana wedding, Jesus is indirect, and the change in substance is visible. If Christ can bring about a visible change of substance without a direct command, as in the miracle of turning water into wine, how much more could He bring about the invisible change of substance when His words are direct, as in the Institution of the Eucharist? The disciples, indeed even priests today, are like the waiters following Jesus’ instructions as the Holy Spirit changes the substance of bread and wine to the Body and Blood of Christ. For the waiters to trust the instructions from Jesus, it took faith: for us to trust the teaching of the Church, it takes faith.

Luke 11:29-30
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29And the multitudes running together, he began to say: This generation is a wicked generation: it asketh a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
30For as Jonas was a sign to the Ninivites; so shall the Son of man also be to this generation.
Luke 2:41-52
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41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
42And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
49And he said to them: How is it that you sought me? did you not know, that I must be about my father's business?
50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them. And his mother kept all these words in her heart.
52And Jesus advanced in wisdom, and age, and grace with God and men.
Luke 2:41
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41And his parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the pasch,
Luke 22:1
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1Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Luke 2:43
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43And having fulfilled the days, when they returned, the child Jesus remained in Jerusalem; and his parents knew it not.
Luke 23:48
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48And all the multitude of them that were come together to that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
Luke 2:44-45
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44And thinking that he was in the company, they came a day's journey, and sought him among their kinsfolks and acquaintance.
45And not finding him, they returned into Jerusalem, seeking him.
Luke 24:1-9
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1And on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
2And they found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre.
3And going in, they found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
4And it came to pass, as they were astonished in their mind at this, behold, two men stood by them, in shining apparel.
5And as they were afraid, and bowed down their countenance towards the ground, they said unto them: Why seek you the living with the dead?
6He is not here, but is risen. Remember how he spoke unto you, when he was in Galilee,
7Saying: The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.
8And they remembered his words.
9And going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the eleven, and to all the rest.
Luke 2:46
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46And it came to pass, that, after three days, they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, hearing them, and asking them questions.
Luke 24:36
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36Now whilst they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them, and saith to them: Peace be to you; it is I, fear not.
Luke 2:47-48
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47And all that heard him were astonished at his wisdom and his answers.
48And seeing him, they wondered. And his mother said to him: Son, why hast thou done so to us? behold thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.
Luke 24:38-43
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38And he said to them: Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
39See my hands and feet, that it is I myself; handle, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as you see me to have.
40And when he had said this, he shewed them his hands and feet.
41But while they yet believed not, and wondered for joy, he said: Have you any thing to eat?
42And they offered him a piece of a broiled fish, and a honeycomb.
43And when he had eaten before them, taking the remains, he gave to them.
Luke 2:50
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50And they understood not the word that he spoke unto them.
Luke 24:45-58
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45Then he opened their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures.
46And he said to them: Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise again from the dead, the third day:
47And that penance and remission of sins should be preached in his name, unto all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
48And you are witnesses of these things.
49And I send the promise of my Father upon you: but stay you in the city till you be endued with power from on high.
50And he led them out as far as Bethania: and lifting up his hands, he blessed them.
51And it came to pass, whilst he blessed them, he departed from them, and was carried up to heaven.
52And they adoring went back into Jerusalem with great joy.
53And they were always in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
1 John 4:8
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8He that loveth not, knoweth not God: for God is charity.
Colossians 1:18-19
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18And he is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he may hold the primacy:
19Because in him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell;
1 Corinthians 3:6-17
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6I have planted, Apollo watered, but God gave the increase.
7Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
8Now he that planteth, and he that watereth, ate one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour.
9For we are God's coadjutors: you are God's husbandry; you are God's building.
10According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation; and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
11For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid; which is Christ Jesus.
12Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble:
13Every man's work shall be manifest; for the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire; and the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is.
14If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
15If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss; but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
16Know you not, that you are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
17But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.
Deuteronomy 6:4-5
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4Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
5Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
1 Corinthians 13:4-13
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4Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not perversely; is not puffed up;
5Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger, thinketh no evil;
6Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth;
7Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
8Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void, or tongues shall cease, or knowledge shall be destroyed.
9For we know in part, and we prophesy in part.
10But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part shall be done away.
11When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child.
12We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know I part; but then I shall know even as I am known.
13And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity.
John 3:16
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
1 Corinthians 12:7-11
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7And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto profit.
8To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit;
9To another, faith in the same spirit; to another, the grace of healing in one Spirit;
10To another, the working of miracles; to another, prophecy; to another, the discerning of spirits; to another, diverse kinds of tongues; to another, interpretation of speeches.
11But all these things one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing to every one according as he will.
Matthew 12:21
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21And in his name the Gentiles shall hope.
Luke 24:21
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21But we hoped, that it was he that should have redeemed Israel: and now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
Ephesians 1:12
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12That we may be unto the praise of his glory, we who before hoped Christ:
1 John 3:1
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1Behold what manner of charity the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called, and should be the sons of God. Therefore the world knoweth not us, because it knew not him.
John 3:16
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16For God so loved the world, as to give his only begotten Son; that whosoever believeth in him, may not perish, but may have life everlasting.
John 14:28
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28You have heard that I said to you: I go away, and I come unto you. If you loved me, you would indeed be glad, because I go to the Father: for the Father is greater than I.
Exodus 3:14
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14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you.
Matthew 26:26-29
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26And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat. This is my body.
27And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to them, saying: Drink ye all of this.
28For this is my blood of the new testament, which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.
29And I say to you, I will not drink from henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I shall drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.
John 6:57
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57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
John 6:55
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55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
Matthew 16:17
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17And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven.
John 6:22-69
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22The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea, saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with his disciples, but that his disciples were gone away alone.
23But other ships came in from Tiberias; nigh unto the place where they had eaten the bread, the Lord giving thanks.
24When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor his disciples, they took shipping, and came to Capharnaum, seeking for Jesus.
25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said to him: Rabbi, when camest thou hither?
26Jesus answered them, and said: Amen, amen I say to you, you seek me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that which endureth unto life everlasting, which the Son of man will give you. For him hath God, the Father, sealed.
28They said therefore unto him: What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?
29Jesus answered, and said to them: This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he hath sent.
30They said therefore to him: What sign therefore dost thou shew, that we may see, and may believe thee? What dost thou work?
31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say to you; Moses gave you not bread from heaven, but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33For the bread of God is that which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life to the world.
34They said therefore unto him: Lord, give us always this bread.
35And Jesus said to them: I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall not hunger: and he that believeth in me shall never thirst.
36But I said unto you, that you also have seen me, and you believe not.
37All that the Father giveth to me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me, I will not cast out.
38Because I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.
39Now this is the will of the Father who sent me: that of all that he hath given me, I should lose nothing; but should raise it up again in the last day.
40And this is the will of my Father that sent me: that every one who seeth the Son, and believeth in him, may have life everlasting, and I will raise him up in the last day.
41The Jews therefore murmured at him, because he had said: I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
42And they said: Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then saith he, I came down from heaven?
43Jesus therefore answered, and said to them: Murmur not among yourselves.
44No man can come to me, except the Father, who hath sent me, draw him; and I will raise him up in the last day.
45It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught of God. Every one that hath heard of the Father, and hath learned, cometh to me.
46Not that any man hath seen the Father; but he who is of God, he hath seen the Father.
47Amen, amen I say unto you: He that believeth in me, hath everlasting life.
48I am the bread of life.
49Your fathers did eat manna in the desert, and are dead.
50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven; that if any man eat of it, he may not die.
51I am the living bread which came down from heaven.
52If any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever; and the bread that I will give, is my flesh, for the life of the world.
53The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying: How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
54Then Jesus said to them: Amen, amen I say unto you: Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you.
55He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath everlasting life: and I will raise him up in the last day.
56For my flesh is meat indeed: and my blood is drink indeed.
57He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, abideth in me, and I in him.
58As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, the same also shall live by me.
59This is the bread that came down from heaven. Not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth this bread, shall live for ever.
60These things he said, teaching in the synagogue, in Capharnaum.
61Many therefore of his disciples, hearing it, said: This saying is hard, and who can hear it?
62But Jesus, knowing in himself, that his disciples murmured at this, said to them: Doth this scandalize you?
63If then you shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?
64It is the spirit that quickeneth: the flesh profiteth nothing. The words that I have spoken to you, are spirit and life.
65But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning, who they were that did not believe, and who he was, that would betray him.
66And he said: Therefore did I say to you, that no man can come to me, unless it be given him by my Father.
67After this many of his disciples went back; and walked no more with him.
68Then Jesus said to the twelve: Will you also go away?
69And Simon Peter answered him: Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Revelation 4:1-11
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1After these things I looked, and behold a door was opened in heaven, and the first voice which I heard, as it were, of a trumpet speaking with me, said: Come up hither, and I will shew thee the things which must be done hereafter.
2And immediately I was in the spirit: and behold there was a throne set in heaven, and upon the throne one sitting.
3And he that sat, was to the sight like the jasper and the sardine stone; and there was a rainbow round about the throne, in sight like unto an emerald.
4And round about the throne were four and twenty seats; and upon the seats, four and twenty ancients sitting, clothed in white garments, and on their heads were crowns of gold.
5And from the throne proceeded lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there were seven lamps burning before the throne, which are the seven spirits of God.
6And in the sight of the throne was, as it were, a sea of glass like to crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes before and behind.
7And the first living creature was like a lion: and the second living creature like a calf: and the third living creature, having the face, as it were, of a man: and the fourth living creature was like an eagle flying.
8And the four living creatures had each of them six wings; and round about and within they are full of eyes. And they rested not day and night, saying: Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, who was, and who is, and who is to come.
9And when those living creatures gave glory, and honour, and benediction to him that sitteth on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever;
10The four and twenty ancients fell down before him that sitteth on the throne, and adored him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying:
11Thou art worthy, O Lord our God, to receive glory, and honour, and power: because thou hast created all things; and for thy will they were, and have been created.
Isaiah 53:5
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5But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our sins: the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we are healed.
1 Corinthians 11:26
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26For as often as you shall eat this bread, and drink the chalice, you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
CCC 1332-1338
¶1332 Holy Mass (Missa), because the liturgy in which the mystery of salvation is accomplished concludes with the sending forth (missio) of the faithful, so that they may fulfill God's will in their daily lives.
¶1333 At the heart of the Eucharistic celebration are the bread and wine that, by the words of Christ and the invocation of the Holy Spirit, become Christ's Body and Blood. Faithful to the Lord's command the Church continues to do, in his memory and until his glorious return, what he did on the eve of his Passion: "He took bread. . . ." "He took the cup filled with wine. . . ." The signs of bread and wine become, in a way surpassing understanding, the Body and Blood of Christ; they continue also to signify the goodness of creation. Thus in the Offertory we give thanks to the Creator for bread and wine, fruit of the "work of human hands," but above all as "fruit of the earth" and "of the vine" - gifts of the Creator. The Church sees in the gesture of the king-priest Melchizedek, who "brought out bread and wine," a prefiguring of her own offering.
¶1334 In the Old Covenant bread and wine were offered in sacrifice among the first fruits of the earth as a sign of grateful acknowledgment to the Creator. But they also received a new significance in the context of the Exodus: the unleavened bread that Israel eats every year at Passover commemorates the haste of the departure that liberated them from Egypt; the remembrance of the manna in the desert will always recall to Israel that it lives by the bread of the Word of God; their daily bread is the fruit of the promised land, the pledge of God's faithfulness to his promises. The "cup of blessing" at the end of the Jewish Passover meal adds to the festive joy of wine an eschatological dimension: the messianic expectation of the rebuilding of Jerusalem. When Jesus instituted the Eucharist, he gave a new and definitive meaning to the blessing of the bread and the cup.
¶1335 The miracles of the multiplication of the loaves, when the Lord says the blessing, breaks and distributes the loaves through his disciples to feed the multitude, prefigure the superabundance of this unique bread of his Eucharist. The sign of water turned into wine at Cana already announces the Hour of Jesus' glorification. It makes manifest the fulfillment of the wedding feast in the Father's kingdom, where the faithful will drink the new wine that has become the Blood of Christ.
¶1336 The first announcement of the Eucharist divided the disciples, just as the announcement of the Passion scandalized them: "This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?" The Eucharist and the Cross are stumbling blocks. It is the same mystery and it never ceases to be an occasion of division. "Will you also go away?": the Lord's question echoes through the ages, as a loving invitation to discover that only he has "the words of eternal life" and that to receive in faith the gift of his Eucharist is to receive the Lord himself.
¶1337 The Lord, having loved those who were his own, loved them to the end. Knowing that the hour had come to leave this world and return to the Father, in the course of a meal he washed their feet and gave them the commandment of love. In order to leave them a pledge of this love, in order never to depart from his own and to make them sharers in his Passover, he instituted the Eucharist as the memorial of his death and Resurrection, and commanded his apostles to celebrate it until his return; "thereby he constituted them priests of the New Testament."
¶1338 The three synoptic Gospels and St. Paul have handed on to us the account of the institution of the Eucharist; St. John, for his part, reports the words of Jesus in the synagogue of Capernaum that prepare for the institution of the Eucharist: Christ calls himself the bread of life, come down from heaven.
Isaiah 14:13
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13And thou saidst in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north.
Mark 3:35
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35For whosoever shall do the will of God, he is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Matthew 25:31-36
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31And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
32And all nations shall be gathered together before him, and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats:
33And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand: Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
35For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me to drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in:
36Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in prison, and you came to me.
Genesis 3:7
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7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons.
Matthew 8:20
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20And Jesus saith to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests: but the son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Luke 9:58
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58Jesus said to him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Matthew 24:35
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35Heaven and earth shall pass, but my words shall not pass.
Luke 8:52-56
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52And all wept and mourned for her. But he said: Weep not; the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.
53And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
54But he taking her by the hand, cried out, saying: Maid, arise.
55And her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And he bid them give her to eat.
56And her parents were astonished, whom he charged to tell no man what was done.
Mark 5:38-43
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38And they come to the house of the ruler of the synagogue; and he seeth a tumult, and people weeping and wailing much.
39And going in, he saith to them: Why make you this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but sleepeth.
40And they laughed him to scorn. But he having put them all out, taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying.
41And taking the damsel by the hand, he saith to her: Talitha cumi, which is, being interpreted: Damsel (I say to thee) arise.
42And immediately the damsel rose up, and walked: and she was twelve years old: and they were astonished with a great astonishment.
43And he charged them strictly that no man should know it: and commanded that something should be given her to eat.
John 11:11-14
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11These things he said; and after that he said to them: Lazarus our friend sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.
12His disciples therefore said: Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.
13But Jesus spoke of his death; and they thought that he spoke of the repose of sleep.
14Then therefore Jesus said to them plainly: Lazarus is dead.
Psalm 13:4
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4Consider, and hear me, O Lord my God. Enlighten my eyes that I never sleep in death:
Deuteronomy 31:16
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16And the Lord said to Moses: Behold thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, and this people rising up will go a fornicating after strange gods in the land, to which it goeth in to dwell: there will they forsake me, and will make void the covenant, which I have made with them,
1 Kings 2:10
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10So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.
1 Kings 11:43
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43And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 11:21
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21And when Adad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the general of the army was dead, he said to Pharao: Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.
1 Kings 14:20
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